Biography of Julio Flórez (1867-1923)

Colombian romantic poet, born in Chiquinquira (Boyaca) and died at Usiacurí (Atlantic). Son of the liberal doctor Policarpo María Flórez and conservative pain rose from Florez, studied primary school Villa de los Milagros, of Chiquinquirá. He continued at the official school of Velez. In 1881 he moved to the capital of the Republic, and enrolled to study literature at the Colegio Mayor de Nuestra Señora del Rosario. In 1882, he left his home with the hope of sharing the warmth of home and the library of his brother Leonidas, but it died the following year. From 1887, Julio Flórez independence is, holding it with the little money he earned through his literary production. His pride of liberal politician didn't allow him to accept positions offered by the conservative party. Family misfortunes in Julio Flórez life continued when, in 1891 and 1892, killed his brother Alejandro and his father.

As a poet, it was rejected by a sector of society and the clergy, because, according to this, Florez denied the Christian faith and produced writings directed against God and the Saints. Together with six friends, Florez founded the symbolic cave, literary gathering that brought together approximately 70 members, and which remained in effect since the late 1900 until the end of 1903. The political situation, religious and socio-economic country earned that artists of that time frequenting the Bohemian and sometimes surrendered to debauchery that earned them the rejection of society and the excommunication of the clergy. Florez was designated as sacrilegious, blasphemous and apostate. While his poetic career in the most critical moments, the President Rafael Reyes advised him, in 1904, to abandon the country. The following year he left for the Atlantic coast and arrived in Caracas. He began a poetic tour of Central American countries (1906-1907). Returned to his country, was appointed by general Reyes Second Secretary of the Legation of Colombia in Spain, a country where Florez turned in 1907. Two years later he again returned to Colombia and married Petrona Moreno Nieto, which had six children: Hugo, Lira, divine, León, Julio and sky. To support his family was devoted to agricultural and pastoral work at the hacienda Usiacurí (Atlantic).His health began to present problems and, in two years, a mysterious disease deformed her face and made it difficult for him to speech. During the Presidency of the conservative general Pedro Nel Ospina redoubled social and religious pressures against the poet refused, urging him to come back to the Catholic faith. In November 1922, Julio Flórez decided to confess, receive Holy Communion, marriage and baptizing their children. The "last romantic", was called not only for having sung with deep lyricism to the love, pain and death, but also by their attitude, personal appearance and his Bohemian. He was crowned in 1923 by the society, the culture and the Government as the national poet. His fame as "the last becqueriano", has overflowed national boundaries. Some of his works are: hours (1883), Thistles and lilies (1905), bunch of briars (1906), basket of lotos (1906), drops of Wormwood (1909), standing dead (1917, compilation of verses alluding to the first world war), frond poetry (1922), gold and ebony (1943, posthumous).


Martinez VILLAMIL, Constantine: Knight of romanticism, Edition in tribute to Julio Flórez, Tunja, Boyaca, 1967.

RESTREPO DUQUE, Hernan: Chronic Gran de Julio Flórez, Bogotá, Colcultura, 1972.