Biography of Bernadotte Wisbour. Conde de Folke (1895-1948)

Swedish diplomat, nephew of King Gustavo V, born on January 2, 1895 in Stockholm and died on September 17, 1948 in Jerusalem.

In 1918 he was commissioned in the Swedish army, and became official Boy Scout group. Dedicated to philanthropic work, I get to preside over the Swedish Red Cross. During the second world war, he made an important task in the exchange of prisoners of war, reaching out some 20,000 prisoners of German concentration camps. Given its excellent reputation, negotiated with Himmler, the nazi police Supremo, the capitulation of Germany during the second world war, on April 24, 1945, with the unconditional surrender of Germany before England and United States, but not before the Soviet Union, offering the allies refused.

Upon reaching the British mandate over Palestine ended, the General Assembly appointed him UN mediator in the conflict which pitted the Arab countries with the State of Israel. The choice, based on his diplomatic and cautious mood soon gave positive results. He managed to establish a truce for four weeks that you could better discuss terms which lead to the Armistice and definitive peace, being established in July. But it was necessary to achieve a situation of peace extend the truce. Bernadotte reported in person to the Security Council on 13 July. The Arabs refused to extend the truce, arguing that Jews were importing fighters, action that broke the established. The Jews on the other hand, attacked the policy pursued by Bernadotte, exposing what was supposed to restrict to a sovereign State free immigration. This, meanwhile, managed to send food convoys to the besieged population of Jerusalem, and attempted to retrieve the provisioning of water that had been cut. It received support from the International Red Cross and the League of associations of the Red Cross, but I needed to observers who were under their control. The israeli Government refused any observer who was British, so Bernadotte requested Swedish soldiers that they might be military observers. Following their report, the performance of the Council, ordering that it desist from any military action, it was crucial in this period. Any contrary to this action would demonstrate that there was a breach of the peace. This resolution was adopted on 15 July 1948, last meeting attended by Count Bernadotte. The result was an unstable truce, but no violent acts.

The Security Council will again be convened on 18 September of the same year, for the death of the count. His idea of Arab refugees to return to their homes in what had become State of Israel did is granjease large number of enemies. He was gunned down in the Katamon Jerusalem sector by the Stern group Jewish terrorists, when he entered car in city. Next to him was also Colonel André Sérot, Member of the French air force. Both meant the seventh and eighth United Nations representatives slain in the line of duty. His death revealed the weakness that the israeli Government was living.

Highlighted by his personal charm, wit, grace and generosity. A commemorative plaque was placed on the building of the United Nations in New York, at the entrance of the Hall of meditations, the count in that reads: "to the memory of Count Folke Bernadotte, mediator of the United Nations in Palestine. Apostle of peace, great internationalist and humanist, devout and courageous server of the United Nations, who was assassinated in Jerusalem on 17 September 1948, while serving the United Nations in the cause of Palestinian peace". It was proposed for the Nobel Peace Prize. His position as mediator was occupied by which was his assistant, Dr. Ralph Bunche.