Biography of Henry Jaynes Fonda (1905-1982)

Henry Fonda.

American actor of theatre and cinema, born in Grand Island (Nebraska), on May 16, 1905, and died in Los Angeles (California), on August 12, 1982. His real name was Henry Jaynes Fonda.

Life

His father ran a printing press. Henry began studies in journalism at the University of Minnesota. Two years of entering the University, had to leave his activity as a student, because the economic situation of the family were not allowed to continue studying. Parents of Marlon Brando facilitated you entry into the community theater in Omaha, where he spent three years as an apprentice and became trapped by a world and a profession that is revealed to you as fascinating, and that encouraged him to participate in films and writing sketches that he himself played. He later worked with the company University Players, where coincides with Joshua Logan, James Stewart and Margaret Sullivan, who will become his first wife. She was also interested for some time in the scenery. In the mid-1930s, she made her debut on Broadway as first actor, and in the middle of that same decade begins his film career.

He signed a contract with Walter Wanger to interpret cinema. His first performance was in contrast (1935), the adaptation of a theatrical play performed by himself and directed by Victor Fleming. Fonda never forgot the recommendations he did about the different ways of interpreting in film and theater.

He chose by le general her roles carefully, and even had performances that director Henry Hathawayrefused to do, as it was the case of the revenge of Frank James (1940), Fritz Lang, film that only agreed to act on it after his friend, recommend that.

Throughout the 1930s he acted in many films of very different argument: action, romantic comedies, but also stories socially committed. He had a special ability to anonymity carrying papers, a sort of overcome shyness, which were very pleased to the public. At the same time, he was able to infuse a spontaneous natural situations that another actor would have seemed ridiculous. This period should be noted his work in only live once (1937), also with Fritz Lang. Despite his work with German director, he was not happy with it, as he described it as a director of puppet.

Most personal development acquired it from the hand of John Ford, who even while many considered him a director of epic themes, was someone very close to everyday life, even to neorealism. He did not like their actors to sobreactuasen, and that spirit very well matched the form of Fonda. Example of this are the young Lincoln (1939) and, especially, the grapes of wrath (1940), a production that had more narrative conceptions of the Europeans to which they have become famous in cinema to Americans.

Henry Fonda was hired by the Fox, and the relationship with the great producer was not how happy he would have been able to wish. Except for incident at Ox-Bow (1943), William A. Wellman, a western out of the ordinary, Fonda declared, hate all these years films. When the United States went to war against Germany, Zanuck was able to delay the incorporation of the actor to the Navy, in order to rodase the immortal Sergeant (1943), John M. Sthal.

He participated in the Pacific war, where he attained the grade of Lieutenant, medals and citations for his personal courage. End of the war, he returned to work for Fox, of the hand back of Ford, in passion of the strong (1946), a film about the argument of the duel occurred at the O.K. Corral, but with the prospect of an everyday fact, that other titles on the subject have shunned.

Henry Fonda was always an actor who assumed roles of 'good'. Once changed, the pleasure of offering other types of psychologists, but that was rather at the end of his career. However, in 1948 did a paper that presented a different perspective, where usual its thinness and containment have, with great sensitivity, a harder, more unfriendly psychology. It was when he made Lieutenant Colonel in Fort Apache, again with his admired John Ford. It was a military reglamentista, clean and elegant, when co-workers are dirty and are a little vulgar and, although at the time you know behave as required a professional army, Fonda was not this time exemplary and practical man who grew accustomed to styling in his career, with all the exceptions that suits take into account.

From this last film he left cinema for a while, because he felt the need to return to the theatre. Thus it remained until 1955. Despite having done much film, only feel partially satisfied in their work. During those years, he played his famous role as "Mister Roberts", which some time later, when it was thought in its film adaptation, earned him a serious confrontation with John Ford, which, at the end, the film is not shot. The reason for this confrontation arose because for paper protagonist thought was Marlon Brando, that the script was too comic for Fonda.

Although he never sought publicity, Fonda was always subject to the attention of the public, especially by its sound marriage failures and hard relationships with his sons Peter and Jane. Man calm, quiet and sometimes even unfairly pursued (case of his character in guilty false, film shot in 1957 by Alfred Hitchcock), outside of the screen was very different. His character was very strong and, occasionally, until violent.

In 1957 it reached one of the highlights of his career, when he appeared in twelve angry men, with a very good direction of Sydney Lumet. He was the only member of a jury that was opposed to the conviction of a defendant, whose statement seemed very clear, but that could convince otherwise other members. To do this film, he had to create his own production company, which allowed him to choose the actors and rehearse as if it were a play.

The arrival of the 1960s will mark the beginning of its decline, although it still rolls some important works, which helped him to continue at the forefront; It is gradually becoming an actor more prompting nostalgia than to count on him to the cinema of the time. Among his best performances in these years are the storm over Washintagon (1962) politician and first victory (1965), both by Otto Preminger.

At the end of the 1960s moved to Europe, although the only role that is worth noting is the of until it was your time (1968), Sergio Leone, its almost unique intervention as evil in a representative of the spaghetti-western European film. In 1970, at the hands of the elegant, Joseph l. Mankiewicz, wheel a western irregular and twilight, the day of cheaters, which contains very valuable partial successes, including his interpretation of a warden of the prison, which counts among its prisoners to Kirk Douglas (also his son Michael, worked then little-known). A hard and rough, topic that was covered in comedy, with a special sense of humor. Or the "bad" were so bad, even the "good guys" as good. Fonda, rather than a veteran, was already a tight interpretation of an ambiguous alcaide: good person and cynical at the same time. It was one of his last prominent works.

I would still do some more films, but their presence was no longer what it had meant years earlier. In 1981 it makes virtually his last appearance in the film in the pond gold, of Mark Rydell, a good interpretation, accompanied by a splendid Katharine Hepburn, of an old man almost decrepit and scared to see how life is blurring. Got the Oscar, but even recognizing their worth, it was rather the award a man is dying and that the film wanted to repay its debts.

In 1982 died in Los Angeles, an actor, father and grandfather of actors, with a long history and proven talent. Defined himself as follows: "I was not sure have a goal as an actor, except the be good and convincing." All that can make an actor with a role is to interpret it the best thing can, try to think about it as much as possible and suggest to the viewer the greatest number of things."

Henry Fonda belonged to a generation of actors who already ceased to exist. He communicated with an almost innately viewers. It was instinctive and cult. Attractive more than handsome, had clear eyes which cause admiration and had a great capacity for expression. He was an inveterate womanizer and, although his life was somewhat eventful, never lost papers and his composure at any time. He surrendered to his profession above all things, and was those who knew to accept over the years, adapting its interpretations to the age which had, unless this would cause him difficulty. It was profoundly realistic in terms of the way of approaching what the world of the cinema and the theatre meant for an actor. I will never leave flatter and manipulate, being true to itself in the good and the bad.

Filmography

Works for the cinema

1935: Love song; Contrasts; Through the tormenta.1936: living on the Moon; The Trail of Lonesone Pine; Spendthrift.1937: That which is called love; That Certain Woman; Slim; Only a vez.1938 live: Wolves of the North; He returned the love; Eight women and a crime; Jezebel; Blockade.1939: Untamed hearts; Land of bold; The great miracle; Let Us Live; Mr. young Lincoln.1940: The Queen of the song; The grapes of wrath; Chad Hanna; The revenge of Frank James.1941: belong to Me; The three nights of Eva; Lives without rumbo.1942: The Male Animal; His last dance; Six destinations; Rings on Her Fingers; The Mafgnificent.1943: Ox-Bow incident; Sergeant inmortal.1946: passion of the fuertes.1947: the fugitive; Daisy Kenyon; Night eterna.1948: On Our Merry Way; Fort Apache.1949: Jigsaw.1955: climbing Hawai.1956: war and peace; False culpable.1957: Hunter of men; Twelve men without mercy (and producer). 1958: thirst for triunfo.1959: Gold guns man; The Man Who Understood Women.1962: the conquest of the West; Tempest over Washington; The day more largo.1963: blood fever; Point limite.1964: the rogue maiden; The Rounders; The best hombre.1965: secret war; The battle of the bulge; First victoria.1966: destiny also plays; Welcome to Hard Times.1967: the evil of Firecreek.1968: homicidal Brigade; Yours, mine, our; Its time; Boston.1970 choke: the day of cheats; Command on the China Sea; Cheyenne.1971 social club: breed invencible.1972: the serpiente.1973: my name is none; Ceniza.1974 Wednesday: the last days of Mussolini.1976: Midway.1977 batala: tentacles; The young lions; Roller coaster; The Last of the Cowboys.1978: Meteor; The swarm; Fedora; Emergencia.1979: Wanda Nevada.1981: on Golden Pond.

Works for television

1953: The Decision at Arowsmith (Medallion Theatre episode). 1955: Henry Fonda Presents the Star and the Story; The Petrified Forest (episode of Producers' Showcase). 1959: The Deputy (series; and producer). 1967: Stranger on the Run.1969: An Impresssion of John Steinbeck: Writer.1971: The Smith Family (series); The American West of John Ford.1972: Maude.1973: The Red Pony; The Alpha Caper.1975: Collision Course.1976: Captains and the Kings (series). 1978: Home to Stay; America's Sweetheart: The Mary Pickford Story (only voice). 1979: roots (series). 1980: The Jilting of Granny Weatherall; Gideon completo Trumpet; The Oldest Living Graduate.1981: Summer Solstice.