Biography of Pietro Francisci (1909-VVVV)

Director, producer, and Italian screenwriter, born in Rome on September 9, 1906. One of the most notable representatives of the peplum genre, Pietro Francisci began his career as amateur filmmaker and author of documentaries, until he made his debut in the feature film with the mia vita sei your (1934), a bittersweet comedy of disgruntled loves in a Milan night beautifully photographed by Otello Martelli. Not very well received by the critics and not supported by the public, Francisci was forced to return to their task of documentalist.

It would take twelve years to return to fiction: Io t'ho incontrata a Napoli (1946), a localist comedy with popular actors such as Peppino De Filippo, Claudio Gora and Paolo Stoppa. More ambition would be in his next film, Natale at Camp 119 (1948), interesting testimony of Italian prisoners in concentration camps that evoke their families on Christmas night. The last film of this first stage of his career would be Antonio of Padua (1949), original attempt to compare the cruelty of World War II with the dark centuries of the middle ages, through the figure of the santo of Padua, but producers was forced to introduce slightly erotic scenes, in charge of the emerging beauty Silvana Pampaninithey lost their intentions.

It is thereafter when occurs a turnaround in his career and is dedicated to making action films, beginning with Il leone di Amalfi (1950), which would continue her closeby avventure di Guerrin Meschino (1951) and the Queen of Sheba (1952), which highlighted the opulent presence of Leonora Ruffo. Finally, in 1955, gets a resounding success with man or Demon (1955), produced by Dino de Laurentiis and Carlo Ponti, with Anthony Quinnand Sophia Loren and Henri Vidal.

But the true personality of Pietro Francisci is would show two years later, Hercules (1957), a flagship title for the birth and canonization of a genre, the peplum, that if in fact had already given signs of its existence both in Italy and in the United States, though with the vague and imprecise designation of "films of Romans", it was from the Francisci Hércules when it acquired letters of nature as autonomous genre. The film obtained a collection of 887 million lire, and was then overtaken by another sequel of the own Francisci, Hercules and the Queen of Lydia (1959), which added a locker of 890 million. It would not achieve similar successes, despite insisting on the same thematic and formal line and leave the land available to a legion of imitators who failed to match his talent.

Filmography.

1934: The mia vita sei tu.1946: Io t'ho incontrata to Napoli.1948: Natale Al Campo 119.1949: Antonio Padua.1950: Il leone di Amalfi.1951: Le closeby avventure di Guerrin Meschino.1952: the Queen of Saba.1955: man or demonio.1957: hercules.1958: Attila (is a new montage of man or demon). 1959: Hercules and the Queen of Lidia.1960: Saffo, Venere di Lesbos; The battle of Siracusa.1963: Ercole sfida Sansone.1967: encounters in the galaxias.1973: Sindbad e il Caliphate Baghdad.

Bibliography.

CAMMAROTA, D.: Il cinema peplum, Roma: Fanucci, 1987.

Spain, r.: the peplum. Antiquity in the cinema, Barcelona: Ediciones Glénat, 1998.

SAVIO, f.: Ma l'amore no. Realism, formalism, propaganda and telefoni bianchi nel Italian cinema di regime, Milano: Casa Editrice Sonzogno, 1975.