Biography of César Auguste Franck (1822-1890)

Composer and French organist of Austrian origin, born in Liège. Son of a despotic father, who wanted his children to reach the success of Mozart and Liszt, in 1828 he studied at the Royal Music School of Liège, where he was student of Daussoigne-Méhul. When he was 13 years old, his family moved to Paris, and was a pupil of Anton Reicha for a year, until his death in 1836. The following year, he entered the Paris Conservatory; among his teachers were: Leborne (composition), Zimmermann (piano) and Benoist (organ). The studies were halted at beginning of the 1940s, with the return of his family to Belgium. There not triumphed with his virtuoso career and the family decided to return to Paris in 1844. He began his career as an organist, since he held at Notre - Dame de Lorette (1848-1853), St-Jean-St. Francois (1851-1858) and Ste-Clotilde (1859-1890). In 1866, Liszt said that as an organist evening to j. S. Bach. In 1871 he collaborated in the founding of the national society of music and in 1872 he was appointed Professor of organ at the Conservatory.

From a very young began to compose. His early works include three Trios (1841), the biblical eclogue Ruth (1843-1845) and mass (played in 1890). But his production is from 1870. In 1873, he presented his oratorio Redemption, that after achieving little success, rewrote to interpret in 1875. In 1880, the national society of music unveiled his Quintette with piano, work that captivated the public. That same year ended Les Beatitudes, followed his works by teachers Prélude, Choral et Fugue (1884) for piano, Variations symphoniques (1885) for piano and Orchestra, Prélude, Aria et Finale (1886-1887) for piano, Sonate for piano and violin (1886), Symphonie in d minor (1886-1888), Quatuor (1889) and Trois Chorals for organ (1890), the last of his compositions. Franck greatly influenced the French music and ensured the rebirth of the Chamber music and Symphony in a time in which dominated Sung theatre.