Biography of Yasuo Fukuda (1936-VVVV)

Japanese politician, born on July 16, 1936. In September 2007 he/she was elected President of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) and Prime Minister of Japan, as a result of an absolute majority of the formation in the lower House.

Son of Takeo Fukuda, who at the time of his birth held the position of Minister of finance and, years later, reached the post of Prime Minister of the country, was educated in accordance with the high social and economic position of his family. He/She studied at the elite school Azabu and graduated in 1959, specializing in economics from the school of political science and Economics from Waseda University of Tokyo. After studies he/she worked as Economist in an oil company.

In 1976, his father was appointed leader of the Liberal Democratic Party, and therefore head of Government. Yasuo Fukuda served as Secretary of the Cabinet, allowing him to participate in important events to the country, such as the signing of the peace treaty with China, which ended the State of war existing since the second world war. In 1978, his father was removed from his post at the head of the party and, as a consequence, Yasuo Fukuda also was forced to abandon its functions within the Cabinet. During this time he/she directed the Kinzai Institute for financial affairs. In 1990, Takeo Fukuda definitely withdrew from the political arena and Yasuo Fukuda took over his post in Parliament and became part of the Seiwa from the Liberal Democratic party faction. At the time the faction, led by Shintaro Abe, was mired in a deep crisis due to political and business scandals.

Yasuo Fukuda won its first representative office in general elections held in 1990, where he/she won a seat by Gunma, in the lower House of Parliament Japanese. Charge where he/she was re-elected in the elections early in 1993, despite the historical defeat of the Liberal Democratic Party.

Over the subsequent years it climbed rungs within the party. Thus, in 1992 he/she was appointed head of the Parliamentary Committee on Foreign Affairs; in 1995 he/she worked as Parliamentary Vice-Minister of Foreign Affairs, until 1996, when he/she was appointed director of the Division of Foreign Affairs of the democratic Liberal Party; in 1997, it reached the Deputy of the LDP; two years later he/she became director general of the Treasury of the formation; and in 2000 they assigned the Vice President of the research policy Council.

His political rise began at the end of 2000, when the newly elected Prime Minister, Yoshiro Mori, leader of the faction Seiwa, named him Chief Secretary of the Cabinet and Minister of State for the development of Okinawa. In 2001 there was a change in Government and Junichiro Koizumi was appointed Chief Executive. Yasuo Fukuda was confirmed in his post as Chief Cabinet Secretary and appointed Minister of State for gender equality. An institution that was created on the occasion of the birth of the granddaughter of Emperor Akihito, Princess Aiko, to reform the existing law and allow women reign.

Yasuo Fukuda's political career suffered a setback in 2003, when it became public that for several years it had not complied with the periods of contributions to the national pension system. He/She acknowledged his error and apologized to the public shortly before officially submitted his resignation to Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi.

Years later, the re-elected Junichiro Koizumi announced that after the completion of its mandate in 2006, it would leave both the Presidency of the Liberal Democratic Party and head of the Executive. Yasuo Fukuda, who was focused on his duties as a legislator, demonstrated interest in submitted to his succession. So had to deal with other influential figures within the party: Shinzo Abe, followers of Junichiro Koizumi and Chief Cabinet Secretary; Taro Aso, Minister for Foreign Affairs; Heizo Takenake, Minister of the Interior and communications; and Sadakaza Tanigaki, Minister of finance. Your little support within the party to withdraw his candidacy and the favorite, Shinzo Abe, was proclaimed President of the Liberal Democratic Party and vested Prime Minister of Japan.

Yasuo Fukuda witnessed the sinking of Shinzo Abe at the head of the Government caused by numerous episodes of corruption and Cabinet resignations. In September 2007, Shinzo Abe resigned and immediately after the Liberal Democratic Party convened an internal vote to choose substitute. The two candidates who showed up to this struggle were Yasuo Fukuda and Taro Aso. The result of the elections was favorable to Fukuda, who won 330 votes to 133 of Taro Aso.

On 25 September, the Parliament elected Yasuo Fukuda as new Chief Executive. In the lower House, Fukuda managed to 338, a total of 477 votes, many more than those needed for most. His arch rival of the Democratic Party, Ichiro Ozawa, got 117 votes. However, Yasuo Fukuda was defeated in the Senate, with only 106 votes to 133 of Ichiro Ozawa. The Japanese Constitution established that it should prevail the result of lower House above the Senate, so the proclamation of Yasuo Fukuda could become effective. The next day, Fukuda took office together the members of his Cabinet, which hardly varied with respect to the former.

Yasuo Fukuda married Kiyoko Fukuda, belonging also to a dynasty of politicians, with whom he/she had three children. One of them followed the family tradition and was his personal Secretary.