Actor in French cinema born on May 17, 1904 in Paris and died on November 15, 1976 in Neuilly-sur-Seine. Real name Jean-Alexis Moncorgé.
Son of the Joseph Gabin and Hélène Petit entertainers, worked as an apprentice in the construction company Chapelle and as a mechanic until in 1920 it became a part of Follies Bergère thanks to the friendship of his father with bean entrepreneur. In 1924, he fulfilled his military service in the Navy. On his return in 1926 he worked in the theatre and variety shows until he was hired by the company Pathé-Natham that debuted in the film playing French versions of German films. maría Chapdelaine (1934), Julien Duvivier, was her first big break in film and the first of his many collaborations with the director. In his following works, Gabin acquired a remarkable popularity with his embodiment of romantic heroes and humble origins in films like the flag (1935) and La Belle Équipe (1936), both directed by Duvivier, and the lower depths (1936), Jean Renoir.
Pepe le Moko (1937), also of Duvivier, was no doubt his first big international success. In her Gabin played the character of the title, a smart thief who hides from the police in the casbah of Algiers, and lives a tragic love affair with a woman of a higher social class. Pepe le Moko was a success unprecedented in the history of French cinema. Its director was hired by the American industry and the film caused a great controversy that led to his ban by the French Government, which accused her of desmoralizadora, in the early years of the second world war. At the end of the war, Pepe le Moko returned as one of the great classics of French cinema and generated a cult like the Casablanca among the American public. Gabin gave life in his works from the late 1930s to a series of dark and disillusioned antiheros. The great illusion (1937), by Jean Renoir, was another masterpiece in which participated Gabin before the war and one of the most controversial of its author. In this pacifist and anti-militarist parable acclaimed characters like Franklin D. Roosevelt, Louis Ferdinad Céline and Herman Goering, he played Lieutenant Maréchal, a mechanic that the circumstances of the war become prisoner of the nazis and hero. The great illusion won the special jury prize at the Venice Film Festival despite being vetoed by Mussolini. Own French censorship cut numerous sequences that were not seen until twenty years later.
Thanks to its position of box-office star, the actor endorsed a draft risky as the quay of the fogs (1938), by Marcel Carné, which became one of the best examples of the so-called "poetic realism" French. Written by meat and his regular screenwriter Jacques Prévert, Gabin gave life to a deserter who falls for an idealistic girl performed by Michèle Morgan. La bête humaine (1938), by Jean Renoir, marked the transition of Gabin towards darker roles. She played a railway who murders his wife, played by Simone Simon in this adaptation of the novel by Emile Zola . Within this registry highlighted his next work on the orders of meat, Le jour is lève (1939), one of the great jewels of its director and French cinema. Gabin played another of the classic antiheros forming his film personality before the war; a man cornered by police following the murder of the man who plagues his lover. The screenwriter Prevert developed all his poetry of doom in a carefully structured series of flashbacks. Le jour is leve was banned by the Vichy Government, for having contributed to the disaster of 1940, but after the war the film enjoyed great success, and the RKO produced an American version, eternal night (1947), Anatole Litvak, with Henry Fonda in the role of Gabin.
Become the most famous star of French cinema, Jean Gabin fought in the French Navy during the early years of the second world war and in 1941 was exiled to the United States, where intervened in two minor for 20th Century Fox films. He participated with the troops of the free the Normandy landings in France and was awarded the Croix de Guerre and the French Médaille Militaire. In 1946 he returned to French screens. Its activity in the first years of the post-war period has little interest but Gabin soon regained its place of privilege in the French cinema. Separated from the tragic romanticism of his earlier masterpieces with the maturity and evolved to roles of experienced man with stoic calm. He was awarded the Volpi Cup for best actor of the Venice Film Festival for his portrayal of a blind beggar in La nuit est mon royaume (1951), by Georges Lacombe. The turning point of his career after the war was no doubt Touchez pa au grisbi (1953), of Jacques Becker, one of the great classics of its director and a decisive influence in the later series French noire, where he played a retired gangster who returns to Paris for the final blow. Thanks to his powerful performance in the film of Becker and the air of Paris (1954), by Marcel Carné, Gabin got his second award in the Venice Film Festival.
The Commissioner Maigret (1957), Jean Delannoy, was the first of a series of films in which incarnated the detective created by writer Georges Simenon until the early 1960s. At the same time played some more lightweight papers, as in two films of Gilles Grangier, Archimedes the tramp (1959), for which he was awarded at the Berlin Festival, and Les vieux of the vieille (1960), in which Gabin confronts two comedians like Bourvil and Louis De Funès. In 1963 formed his own production company together Fernandel, Gafer Films. During the last years of his career, Gabin remained as one of the most blockbuster actors in France and appeared regularly as guest star along with new generations of artists such as Jean Paul Belmondo and Brigitte Bardot. Without leaving aside its cinematographic activity, was devoted to the breeding of horses on their property in Normandy. He died of a heart at his home in Neuilly attack being an national institution.
1928: Ohe! Les valises; Les lions.1930: Mephisto; Its great noche.1931: Tout Ça ne vaut pas L'Amour; Pour a soir; Paris-Beguin; Glory; Coeur de lilas.1932: Les gaietes de l' squad; The foule hurle; Coeurs joyeux; The belle mariniere.1933: the star of Valencia; The tunnel; Die schönen Tage von Aranjuez; Haut BAS; A love in espana.1934: the black venus; María Chapdelaine.1935: Golgotha; Variétés; The bandera.1936: La belle Équipe; The Netherlands fondos.1937: Pepe le Moko; Gueule d'amour; Le messager; The great ilusion.1938: dock the mists; Le récif de corail; The beast humana.1939: Le jour is leve.1941: Remordimiento.1942: Moontide.1944: the falsario.1946: the beautiful extranjera.1947: Miroir.1948: too much tarde.1949: La Marie of the puerto.1950: in the last segundo.1951: Victor; The nuit est mon royaume.1952: La Vérité sur Bébé Donge; The minute of the truth; Le plaisir; Bufere.1953: La dernière nuit; La Vierge du Rhin; Touchez pas au grisbi.1954: paris.1955 air: Napoleon; Razzia sur the Chnouf; The port of desire; French Cancan; Chiens perdus sans collier; Gas-oil; Des gens sans importance.1956: Voici le temps des assassins; Le sang à la tête; Crossing of Paris; Crime et chatiment.1957: Le cas du docteur Laurent; Le rouge est my; Les miserables; Commissioner Maigret.1958: Disorder and night; In the event of misfortune; Them big familles.1959: Maigret in the case of the Countess; Rue des prairies; The vagabundo.1960 Archimedes: the baron and his yacht; Les vieux of the vieille.1961: the President; Cave Le is rebiffe.1962: A monkey in winter; Le gentleman d'Epsom. 1963: great played on the French Riviera; Maigret, terror of the hampa.1964: L' âge ingrat; All a senor.1965: like thunder; The forger's Argenteuil.1966: Du rififi à Paname; The Empire of the canallas.1967: Inspector Joss.1968: the tattooed; Sous signe le du taureau.1969: the Sicilian clan; Justice without palabras.1971: Le drapeau noir flotte sur the marmite; The gato.1972: the murderer; The Dominici.1973 affair: two men in the ciudad.1974: the veredicto.1976: big punch in the Holy year.