Biography of Joaquín Gallegos Lara (1909-1947)

Writer and Ecuadorian political thinker, born in Guayaquil in 1909 and died in the same city in 1947. Due to an accident from his mother during pregnancy, he/she was born with atrophied legs and continuous incontinence of urine. This disease is accompanied by life and caused major limitations in its physical movements, so that for thirteen years he/she hired a servant so he/she moved it behind from one place to another.

His father at the age of three years, Joaquín could never attend school, but his mother provided him with a good library that allowed him to take refuge in reading and achieve a strong culture. With the help of tutors he/she came to dominate French, Italian, German and Russian languages. In his studies also delved into the knowledge of the doctrines Marxist, in a way that his house became Meetinghouse where instructed, advised and said young people who flocked to it. He/She was also devoted to political indoctrination of unions and worker associations, and was a member in the Communist Party's Pedro Saad. By his leftist ideology, it would lose more than once their modest jobs, as it happened in 1946 with the rise to the Government of Velasco Ibarra. From then until the end of his days was sick, which enabled him to devote himself to writing. In 1933 he/she moved to basin looking for a better climate for his health, and then to Quito. There, he/she was introduced by Jorge Icaza in the Union of writers and artists.

Some of his works are: those who go (1930), collection of short stories about the cholo the montubio, some of his own authorship and other of Demetrio Aguilera and Gil Gilbert. The book, written in a realistic tone and accusation, was poorly received and brutal and pornographic. But the critic Benjamín Carrión saw the outbreak of a new American literature; The crosses over the water (1946), novel which describes the city of Guayaquil from the beginning of the 20th century; The last erranza (collection of short stories which he/she printed in Mexico) and biography of Dr. Francisco Campos Coello. He/She started two novels that never ended: the Witch and the Guandos (this was terminated by Nella Martínez Espinosa, and published in 1983). Biography of the Indian village (1952) and complete stories (1956) appeared posthumously.