Biography of Rómulo Gallegos Freire (1884-1969)

Writer, educator, politician, and President of the Republic of Venezuela, Caracas-born on August 21, 1884 and died in this city on April 4, 1969.

He joined the Metropolitan Seminary in 1894, but could not finish his studies because of the death of his mother. He/She resumed his studies in 1898 and 1904 he/she graduated Bachelor.

Immediately he/she began to study law at the University of Caracas, studios abandoned the following year. The time was already dedicated to writing, wrote a weekly and had published an article in the press.

In 1912 he/she was appointed Assistant Director of the Federal College of Caracas. After six years in office, he/she joined the École Normale. In 1922 he/she returned as Director of the liceo Caracas until 1930.

In this school he/she met most of the personalities who would later lead the ranks of the Democratic Action Party. They studied at that time: Rómulo Betancourt, Raúl Leoni, Jóvito Villalba, Miguel Otero Silva, Elías Toro, Antonio Anzola, among others.

In 1913 he/she published his first short story the adventurous, and in 1920 his first novel the last plot. Between 20 and 22, he/she founded the magazine news and was director of the weekly defense publication.

In 1929, after posted Dona Barbara, during the Government of Juan Vicente Gómez, he/she decided to settle in Europe. There ended two of his most important works Cantaclaro (1934) and Canaima (1935).

He returned to Venezuela in 1936, following the death of Gomez. He/She became Minister of public instruction in 1937 and, subsequently, he/she was a Deputy; between the years 1940 and 1941 he/she chaired the Municipal Council of the Federal District.

He was elected as a candidate for the Presidency of the Republic by democratic action in 1941. The elections gave the triumph to Isaias Medina Angarita. For the 1947 elections he/she was again appointed as a candidate and was elected President.

He assumed the Presidency in January 1948, but he/she was overthrown by a military coup in November of the same year. He/She was exiled and did not return to Venezuela until ten years later.

His political and administrative participation of these years was that, somehow, his literary work declined. His novels black poor (1937) and on the same land (1941) did not reach the importance and transcendence of the previous two.

He won the national award of literature (1957-58). It was individual of number of the Venezuelan Academy of language in 1958. In 1965, created the International Prize "Rómulo Gallegos" novel and, in 1972, the center of Latin American studies Rómulo Gallegos (CELARG) in Caracas.