Biography of King of Navarra García I Íñiguez (ca. 825-ca. 882)

King of Navarre, born to 825 and died to 882. In his reign he/she maintained constant fights with Muslims, politically approached Asturias and spread its influence over the County of Aragon.

Son of the founder of the Kingdom of Pamplona, Íñigo Arista, García was educated in Córdoba. During the last years of his father's life, he/she took the direction of the military campaigns. In May of 843 he/she helped Musa ibn Musa in their insurrection against the emir of Córdoba; the result was the attack of Abd al - Rahman II in Cordoba to the lands of Pamplona, which ended the following month with a resounding victory of the emir on García and Musa. After the death of Iñigo Arista in 851 succeeded don García, that the policy of the Kingdom of Pamplona took a new twist. Family ties previously established between the town of Pamplona and the Banu Qasi were loosened after the death of Iñigo and, on the other hand, were strengthened between Pamplona and Asturias through the marriage of García with Leodegundia, daughter of Ordoño I of Asturias. In 854 the basquet monarch sent troops into Ordoño I to help Christians from Toledo, sublevados against the emir of Córdoba. To punish this collaboration, sent the emir the next year to the wali of Tudela and Zaragoza, Musa ibn Musa, who had returned to the allegiance to the emir, to plunder the lands of Alava and conquer their castles. In 858 García laid siege to the city of Albelda, near Logroño, and defeated Musa, who had come on in relief of the city, causing many casualties among the Muslims.

859 García Íñiguez was captured by the Normans, who attacked the country of the Basques. According to Muslim chronicles his rescue cost 70,000 gold coins and as all the money could not be meet, were children of García hostage. That same year, Pamplona was attacked by Musa ibn Musa, who conquered a castle and made prisoners, but he/she was finally defeated by the Navarrese. It is possible that during this attack even García Íñiguez remained prisoner of the Normans, but free the following year, Muhammad I of Córdoba deployed an attack on Basque realm, where he/she was captured Fortun, son of the King of Pamplona.

860 to the King of Pamplona closed the borders of Alava with the castles of Zaldiaran and Arganzón shells. Don García entrusted the defense of the border of Alava against Muslims don Vela Jiménez. Since the death of Musa ibn Musa in 862 and for almost a decade, the Kingdom of Pamplona enjoyed a relative peace, but to 870, García Íñiguez returned to collaborate with the Banu Qasi, supporting Amrus ibn Amr revolt against the Governor of Huesca, Musa ibn Galindo. Suppressed the uprising with the help of the emir of Córdoba, were the sons of Musa ibn Musa which caused a general uprising, taking over from Tudela, Zaragoza, Huesca and Monzon (872), and with more or less covert support of the King of Pamplona. The response of Muhammad I, the following year, was directing its attacks on Pamplona, after dealing with Huesca and before returning to Córdoba. In 874 was Prince Al-Mundhir , who sacked the fields of Pamplona. The latest news that makes the life of García Íñiguez is donation to Leire de Lerda and Anues villas. He/She died to 882 and was succeeded by his son, Fortún Garcés I. His second son, Sancho Garces also reigned in Pamplona.

García Íñiguez married his daughter Oneca count Galindo Aznar II of Aragón (ca. 869), extending the influence of Pamplona on the County of Aragon. Their relationships with the carolingians seem that they were good, as indicated by the good reception that the navarra Embassy sent to the Assembly of Verberie (850) was in the Court of Carlos el Calvo. There are many data for clarifying the reign of this monarch. Some sources claim that he/she was married to Urraca, daughter of the count of Aragon. Children were also his don Íñigo, don Jimeno, Doña Jimena, wife of King Alfonso the Magno and Doña Íñiga, who married the son of the emir of Córdoba.


CLAVERIA, C. history of the Kingdom of Navarre. Pamplona, 1971.

LACARRA and DE MIGUEL, J.M. history of the Kingdom of Navarre. Pamplona, 1976. LACARRA and DE MIGUEL, J.M. history politics of the Kingdom of Navarre, from its origins until its incorporation into Castile. Pamplona, 1973.