Biography of Manuel García Prieto (1859-1938)

Manuel García Prieto, Marqués de Alhucemas.

Lawyer and politician Spanish of great stature, a member of the Liberal Party, born in Astorga (León), in the year 1859, and died in San Sebastián (Guipúzcoa), the year 1938.

At the conclusion of his law studies, he/she entered the military legal body, quit shortly after to devote himself to the practice of law. He/She worked at the law firm of Montero Ríos, with which it was United by deep bonds of friendship, ideology and even family, since he/she married a daughter of this. His first foray into politics made it the year 1888, to get a report of Deputy for his native city. It was gradually raising its political importance, to the year 1897, year in which was appointed Undersecretary of the contentious State, and then under-Secretary of overseas. The death of Práxedes Mateo Sagasta, the leadership of the Liberal Party fell in Montero Ríos. When in 1905, the latter formed Government, García Prieto occupied the Ministry of the Interior, who left in December of the same year to take charge of the portfolio of Justice, with the Government of Moret. Passing through this Ministry, García Prieto created the prison colonies of the school of Criminology, and reformed the Supreme Court. Finally, the following year he/she resigned from her ministerial post by not prevail in the Council of Ministers its opinion contrary to the law of jurisdictions. In 1906 he/she returned to Ministry, the promotion, under the Government of general López Domínguez, charge repeated in 1910, with José Canalejas as President. In this new stage of ministerial, Prieto García carried out negotiations and form of the Hispano-Moroccan Treaty in 1911, which established the protectorate of Spanish on the part of the territory of Morocco, in addition to successfully finalize another Treaty with France, in 1912, whereby both countries divided their areas of influence in the North African country. In recognition of his outstanding diplomatic work, was granted García Prieto the title of Marqués de Alhucemas and the dignity of Grande of Spain. He/She also managed the Latin American republics were represented in the Interior Court of Justice, based in the Hague. After the murder of Canalejas, García Prieto took two days, temporarily, the Presidency of the Government.

In 1913 a split came within the Liberal Party. García Prieto was as head of the sector which is declared heir to the politics of Sagasta, and created the Liberal Democratic Party, in opposition to the other faction, led by the count of Romanones. At the beginning of World War I, García Prieto was supporter of adopting a non-belligerent stance, as well as neutral. That same year he/she was elected President of the Senate and regrouped again in his party all the liberal forces. In the year 1917 formed Government, which lasted little time by the determined opposition which found on the boards of Defense, that does not transigía. In November of that same year formed new Government, after the crisis of October of Cabinet Eduardo Dato, actually being the first Government of the monarchy alfonsina concentration. A new Government crisis by which García Prieto was replaced as President by Antonio Maurais happened in May of 1918. García Prieto took the portfolio of the Interior. Newly formed Government during a brief transition phase (November-December 1918), which broke for the serious problem that led to the controversial project of the communities.

Happened after the disaster of Annual (1921) and subsequent turmoil that sparked the discussion over who should be the responsibilities of such dire situation, Prieto García his last Government, formed in 1922. The following year, when it already threatened to produce the coup of general Primo de Rivera, García Prieto did everything possible to avoid it, requesting the help of the General captaincy, although he/she could only count on Valencia, commanded by general Zabala. As a last resort, García Prieto enlisted the help of the prestigious general Weyler, who were resting in Mallorca. Weyler commissioned to get the captaincy General of Catalonia and removal of Primo de Rivera accepted, but when he/she wanted to intervene, it had already given the coup, taking the reins of the country.

During the period of the dictatorship, García Prieto lived retired from active politics, which became the last Government of the monarchy, headed by Admiral Aznar, playing grace and justice portfolio. He/She died in San Sebastián, in 1938.

Bibliography

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C. Herraiz García.