Biography of Nicolás María Garelli y Battifora (1777-1850)

Lawyer and Spanish politician, born in Valencia September 10, 1777, and died in Madrid, on February 13, 1850.

He studied Latin grammar and Humanities with the Piarists of Valencia, and in October of 1790 joined valentina University, where earned a doctorate in 1797. That same year began to teach, first interim laws and cannons, whose opposition won in 1802 and 1803 of patriotic right. He obtained the title of lawyer in 1802.

In 1804, he was called to Madrid to assist Reguera Valdelomar in preparation for the new collection. He returned to Valencia at the end of 1806 and then won the perpetual Chair in law, he held until his appointment of Minister in 1822. It was subdélégué printers of Valencia in 1807, Member of the junta-congreso of Valencia and one of the signatories of this exposure to the courts (January 8, 1811). He was imprisoned with Agustín Aicart and Lorenzo Martínez February 27, 1811 by the general Bassecourt, for having order after the defeat of Ulldecona who abandon command. The three were sent to Mallorca and locked in dungeons without communication, but were later released on the intervention of the Valencian deputies in the Cortes of Cadiz.

He was President of the Board of censorship of Valencia in 1813, and in the same year set up a professorship of Constitution, considered by Ardit as the first Spanish Constitutional law (an extract from the speech then made was published in the Universal, no. 68, March 9, 1814). At the same time he had time to lead a liberal gathering under the pseudonym Martelo in Valencia. He was the editor of the exhibition of the literary University of Valencia, thanking the sovereign Congress for having abolished the Inquisition (1813), although it was not present in the cloister which approved to send it.

In 1814, in front of his students Constitution and seven orphans, it was presented to Fernando VII and swore loyalty to the King and to the Constitution. In 1815 he was able to defend the University against the born-again Inquisition. He was a member of courts by Valencia between 1820 and 1822; He returned to settle in the Chair of Constitution in 1820 and the Presidency of the Board of censorship. Secretary of grace and justice, on February 28, 1822 introduced as a bill of manors, sponsored by the same King, according to which disappeared the jurisdiction and feudal rights, but let the Lords ancestral domain; However, the project was not accepted by the courts, who saw it as even unconstitutional.

It was complicated in the counter-revolution of the July 7, 1822; then it was acting Secretary of State (July 12-23, 1822), which did not prevent Paredes Prosecutor ordered his search and capture on October 29, to not be found at his home. He was honorary Counsellor of State in 1823, and again Minister of grace and justice between January 15 and February 19, 1834, in whose condition presented to the Cortes an exhibition. Then it was alternate member of the Governing Board left by Fernando VII for the minority of age of Isabel II, Minister of State on February 28, 1834, hero of the Kingdom on November 26, 1834, elected Senator for Palencia on 20 November 1837, and President of the High Court from December 15, 1843, until his death.

He is the author of speech delivered on January 2, 1847, at the opening of the Supreme Court of Justice (Madrid, 1847). All the authors talk about their knowledge nourished: Marliani called "eminent in the reactionary side".


ALBIÑANA, Salvador: University and illustration. Valencia at the time of Carlos III, Valencia, 1988.

File of the courts", leg. 104, no. 80 and 81.

LUCAS ARDIT, Manuel: Revolt and liberal peasant revolution, Barcelona, 1977.

AVIRANETA, Eugenio-BERTRAN SOLER, Thomas: mine and the outcasts, Algiers, 1836.

BALDO I LACOMBA, Marc: Teachers and students in the crisis of the old regime, 1984.

Concise, no. 28, February 24, 1811.

GIL NOVALES, Alberto: The patriotic societies, Madrid: Tecnos, 1975.

LASSO GAITE, Juan Francisco: The Ministry of Justice. Its historical image, Madrid, 1984.

MARLIANI, Manuel: The Regency of D. Baldomero Espartero, Madrid, 1870.

MORATILLA, Bernardo: Statistics of staff and vicissitudes of the courts and the ministries of Spain, Madrid, 1880.

MOXO, Salvador: the dissolution of the seigniorial regime in Spain, Madrid, 1965.

OCHOA, Eugenio de: notes for a library of contemporary Spanish writers in prose and verse, 2 vols., Paris, 1840.

PAEZ RIOS, Elena: Iconography hispanica, 5 vols., Madrid, 1966.

PESET, Mariano: "Valencian Professor Nicolás María Garelli is defended before the Inquisition", in homage to José Antonio Maravall, Madrid, 1985, III, pp. 207-220.