Actor, film producer and Italian writer, born on September 1, 1922 in Genoa and died on 29 June 2000 in Rome. Highlighted in the world of the scene by its great interpretative qualities, both in cinema and theatre. He studied at the Academia d'Arte Drammatica Silvio D'Amico, after which went to Milan, a city in which rose for the first time to tables in 1943. After a discreet success in theatre, field where he played to authors as diverse as Aeschylus, Seneca, Shakespeare, Ibsen and Williams, came to cinema in 1946 prelude d'amore and typewriter, under the direction of Luchino Visconti.
During those early years dedicated to the interpretation he founded, together with L. Squarzina, Italian art theatre, an own company which allowed him to put on scene works by classic and modern authors; However, his physique athlete did that he was hired to play several roles of villain in adventure films, period that the actor always denied, but who compensated with his successes in the theatre and three splendid melodramas: bitter rice (1949), Anna (1951) and the tratta delle bianche (1952).
In 1953, he came to Hollywood, hired by the Metro Goldwyn Mayer, where he shot several films, but his contract was broken quickly. From 1956, his career took a new direction with the autobiographical film Kean, co-directed by himself; This twist that was confirmed a year later with Rufufú. Since that time the majority of papers that offered are in comic films, with exceptions such as the great war (1959) or the getaway (1962). In 1969, he directed his second film, L'aibi. His film career, in whose repertoire titles like Rhapsody (1954), the most beautiful woman of the world (1954), war and peace (1956), Barabbas (1962) or Sleepers (1995), are not turned you theatre, nor prevented to collaborate on television and give Theater classes.
During the last years of his life he directed in Florence a theatre school called La Bottega. His film career, whose repertoire included titles such as Barabbas (1962), terrace (1980) and the family (1987), both of Ettore Scola, or Dimenticare Palermo (1990), Francesco Rosi, not turned you never tables. With the Tenda di Roma mounted stage shows carried by different European cities.
In writing he ventured as therapy to combat his frequent depressions; fruit of this activity are books of poetry and two books of memoirs, memories from the socket (1990) and a great future to the back (1981), autoubiografia that deserved you the prize Città Eterna of the Rome City Council and Vocalizzi. Other awards which strengthened its international prestige were the Golden Globe (1975) and the nomination to the Oscar for scent of a woman, the prize of the Festival of San Sebastián (1988), Italian Golden Globe (1996) and the Prince of Asturias Award (1997).
Vitttorio Gassman died on June 29, 2000 in Rome, at 77 years of age, as a result of a heart attack.
PASSEK, Jean-Luc [et to the.] Dictionary of cinema (Librairie Larousse, 1986). Spanish version: URABAYEN CASCANTE, Miguel, [et to the.] Madrid: Rialp, 991.