Biography of Enrique Gil Gilbert (1912-1972)

Ecuadorian writer born in Guayaquil in 1912 and died there same in 1972. It is one of the representatives of the social novel focusing on the urban proletariat and the middle class. He/She began his studies of high school in Guayaquil and ended them in Riobamba. He/She also studied a few years of law at the University of Guayaquil. In Riobamba, locked deep friendship with Demetrio Aguilera Mata and Joaquín Gallegos Lara, who carried on his shoulders, given its inability to move by its own forces. All three together published the collection of short stories ranging, with which were unveiled as the "group of Guayaquil realists", then were joined by that José de la Cuadra and Alfredo Pareja Diezcanseco. Gil Gilbert tales among the bad, considered by critics as one of the most significant stories of modern American fiction. Already during his stay in Riobamba, Gil Gilbert showed their sympathy by Communist ideas, in a way that from a personal invitation by Pedro Saad, was enrolled as a member of the Communist Party, which would not abandon in her life. In 1936 he/she joined the regional Committee of the party in the coast and enrolled in the Committee "Pro Spain Leal"; in 1944 he/she travelled to Moscow in his capacity as General Secretary of the Regional Committee, and two years later became a member of the Central Committee of the party, full time and with a reasonable salary. By Communist ideas and activism was pursued several times, even went on to lose his post of Professor in Rocafuerte College in 1935, under the dictatorship of Federico Páez, and spent fifteen months in jail under the Government of the military Junta of 1963. On this occasion, while he/she was in prison, public order forces looted his house, his wife fled banished to Chile, and his sons had to hide for some time. All its papers and books, including the manuscripts of some works which still not had been published and that were lost forever were also burned. The only thing that was saved was an album of poems today in the possession of his wife (who was always very attached). Thus, at the exit of the criminal, he/she found himself homeless and without family, mired in abject poverty. Gil Gilbert became twice Member for the Guayas. In 1947 he/she was a member of the world peace Council. In 1970 the University of Guayaquil, as a sign of relief, appointed him Professor of literature, Chair that losses of health had to leave two years later. On reaching his sixty years, is feted him with a national tribute. Despite their continuous political and Trade Union struggle, he/she never stopped writing.

He has left us various works include two collections of short stories: Yunga (1933) and the head of a child in a trashcan (1967); Stories of Emmanuel (1939, which faces the problem of illegitimate children); Our bread, novel that won second place in the novels unpublished Latin American Continental competition, organised by the publishing house Farrar & Rinchart; This work was published in 1945, and subsequently translated into several languages. Also wrote two tiers of Theatre: the bloods, candles and asphalt and farce. Your extensive journalistic production is dispersed in the newspaper El Pueblo, organ of the Communist Party, where his articles often appeared without his signature.