Biography of Francisco [filósofo español] Giner de los Ríos (1839-1915)

Philosopher and Spanish teacher, born in 1839 in Ronda (Malaga) and died in Madrid on February 17, 1915. His work stands out, above all, have meant the introduction of krausism in Spain and have done from the Institución Libre de Enseñanza teaching and educational work that reached a large number of Spanish intellectuals of the first third of this century.

He studied high school in Cadiz and Alicante and the careers of law and philosophy and letters between Barcelona and Granada. It was at this last University where made contact for the first time with German philosophy. It also had artistic training, the pictorial aspect both, especially in the musical. In 1863, he/she moved to Madrid to join the Ministry of State in the hands of his uncle, Antonio de los Ríos Rosas. It attends the University, as well as the Ateneo. Three years later, wins in Madrid the Chair of philosophy of law, although the following year resigned in solidarity with Sanz del Rio, Salmeron and Fernando de Castro, expelled them, refusing to the profession of religious and political faith was required, within the political ups and downs which preceded the dethroning of Isabel II, to form part of the University.

Call will be precisely glorious revolution (September 1868) which replace in your Chair to Giner. From now on, it will begin Giner influence in the public life of the country. In 1875, the repetition of the situation in 1867 departs it again from the University. Its separation from the University was as troubling as unpleasant, every time that, sick, they took him out of Madrid to lock him in the Santa Catalina Castle Cadiz. It is then when the Gibraltar Government will propose the creation of a University in the rock, what Giner refuses. This situation, which will continue until 1881, will take you to found the free institution of education to implement teaching ideas (education of the woman along with the man, need for an active method in class, contact with nature, religious freedom, etc.). The institution was founded with the initial idea to pursue higher studies, although Giner derived the project initial, quite vague, moreover, to primary and secondary education whose flaws he/she saw one of the main causes of the national situation. Interested in the educational situation in other countries, he/she traveled (1884 and 1886) England, Belgium and the Netherlands (1886), France (1886 and 1889) and Portugal (1889). Traveller and unrepentant Walker, toured on foot many areas of our geography, such as the Picos de Europa, or, above all, the Sierra de Guadarrama. His death took place in Madrid.

His work encompasses the most varied genres: literature, art, religion and, of course, law and pedagogy, although the latter which predominates. In the philosophical aspect, it was never to systematize a doctrine, given that he/she was attracted to different aspects of various systems, rather than the basis of his thinking was always krausism. His work will highlight literary studies (1866), basic law (1871) principles, Bases for the theory of the property (1867), program elements of the doctrine of Science (1873), lessons summary of Psychology (1874), legal studies and politicians (1875), philosophical studies and religious (1876), La Institución Libre de Enseñanza (1882), the building of the school and school grounds, prolegomena of the law (1873), both of 1884, studies on education (1886), education and teaching (1889), University pedagogy: problems and news (1905), on the concept in positive law (1910), philosophy of law (1912) and essays on education (1913). In addition to his work as a translator, especially of the work Krause, but also Leonhardi, Compayre, Roeder, Ahrens, and Falckenderh, must review his extensive work as a columnist in publications like people magazine, the Kingdom, the artistic illustration, reading, southern magazine, the modern Spain, Boletin-revista of the University of Madrid, etc.


ALTAMIRA, Jr., Giner of the educator Ríos. Valencia, 1915.