Biography of Jean "Moebius" Giraud (1938-2012)

French cartoonist, known in the world of comics as Moebius. He was born in Nogent-sur-Marne (France) on May 8, 1938 and died in Val-de-Marne (France) on March 10, 2012.


His mother encouraged him to learn how to draw during infancy, feeding a vocation that was definitely consolidated in 1954, when he entered the school of applied arts in Paris. Two years later already made his first professional works in Parisian publications, drawing the attention of the cartoonist and screenwriter Belgian Jijé. However, the obligation to perform military service walked away it artistic environments, because it had to complete it in Algeria. On his return he found again with Jijé, whose study he joined as an Assistant.

It was in 1963 when his luck changed definitively, to receive the custom draw Fort Navajo, a screenplay by Jean-Michel Charlier which kicked off one of its most popular sagas, dedicated to Lieutenant Blueberry. This intelligent and passionate western is prolonged in time and was translated into several languages, including Giraud continued it after the death of its creator, Charlier.

Around the same time, he adopted the nickname of Moebius and began to draw in the Hara Kiri magazine. The split personality of this master cartoonist was thus raised. He signed as Giraud Blueberry and as Moebius series all those Visual experiments in which showed his aesthetic taste and the influence that certain Belgian authors exerted upon him.

He collaborated successfully in the magazines Pilote and L'echo des Savanes. In 1975 he founded the artistic group "Humanoid partners" together with Philippe Druillet, Bernard Farkas and Jean-Pierre Dionnet, creating with them one of the most influential publications of the 1970s, Métal Hurlant, which ended up being edited in several European countries and in the American market adopted the name Heavy Metal.

His most important work to this journal was Arzach, starring a quiet outer Pilgrim that travels on the back of a flying creature. By the time they made this series met the filmmaker and Chilean writer Alejandro Jodorowsky, who worked on an adaptation to the big screen of the novel Dune, by Frank Herbert. Giraud, joined the project and thus consolidated his friendship with Jodorowsky.

For Métal Hurlant drew cartoons the airtight garage and, shortly thereafter, the long goodbye, the latter with a screenplay by Dan O'Bannon, collaborator of director Ridley Scott in the film Alien, the eighth passenger, for which the Illustrator made several sketches.

In 1980 drew, scripted by Jodorowsky, John Difool, another adventure of science fiction which was lead by his aestheticism. It was the same style used in works of illustration as Starwatcher or Venice Celeste, which are actually collections of impeccable Bill sheets, but lacking a conventional narrative thread.

By these dates, Giraud moved to Mexico and then to the United States, in order to better coordinate their cinematic design projects. Although he took part in some animated films, not his career as a comic artist left unattended, and periodically released a new album of Lieutenant Blueberry or any of the works signed as Moebius.

Their graphic contribution to Luc Besson the fifth element movie, showed that his film forays continue to be of great quality and a guarantee for the work in question.


1963-1996: Blueberry.1975: Arzach.1976: the airtight garage; The long adios.1980: John Difool. 1990: The world of Edena.


AA.VV.: History of the comics. Barcelona. Editor Toutain. 1982.

AA.VV.: The world encyclopedia of comics. New York. Chelsea House Publishers. 1976.

COMA, Javier: Dictionary of the comics: the golden age. Barcelona. Plaza & Janés. 1991.

GAUMER, Patrick and MOLITERNI, Claude: the illustrated comic dictionary. Barcelona. Larousse, planet. 1996.