Biography of Christoph Willibald Glück (1714-1787)

German composer. In 1730 he/she travelled to Prague, where he/she acted as independent musician who both entered University. At the end of 1735, he/she moved to Vienna, where he/she was a musician of the Duke of Lobkowitz. The following year he/she moved to Milan, where he/she was a disciple of Sammartini. His first opera, Artaserse, which followed seven others that were premiered in Venice, cream, Milan and Turin (between 1742 and 1745) premiered at the Teatro Regio Ducal in 1741. In 1746 he/she debuted with two operas of circumstances in London where he/she also organized a concert with Handel. The following year partnered in Germany, with the set of opera Mingotti, whose Orchestra he/she directed between 1748 and 1749. In may 1748 premiered his opera Semiramide on the occasion of the reopening of the Vienna Burgtheater. In 1750 his Enzio opera was premiered in Prague by the whole Locatelli, training where he/she was conductor at the end of 1751.

In 1752 he/she premiered in Naples his La Clemenza di Tito and that same year definitively settled in Vienna, where he/she became musical director of Prince of Saxony-Hildburghausen and his Orchestra konzertmeister. After success with his opera Le Cinesi (1754) he/she was appointed Associate composer of the Théatral-und-Akademiemusik of the Burgtheater in Vienna. For ten years, until 1765, wrote on the occasion of festivals and ceremonies of the Court, several operas, including Il re pastore and Telemachus. In addition it created titles for other scenarios, as Antigonus (premiered in Rome) and Il trionfo di Clelia (in Bologna). Most of his works from this period followed the conventional tradition of Italian opera.

French style

At the request of the Mayor of the theatres of Vienna, who yearned to introduce the Parisian vaudeville, Gluck made arrangements of Vaudevilles and created the comic opera the unexpected reunion (1564). Also composed ballets El festín de stone (1761), Semiramis (1765) and L'Orfanno della China (1774). From this period also date back to the operas again style Orphée ed Eurydice (1762), Alceste (1767) and Paride ed Elena (1770), which were created in collaboration with Calzabigi and not by order of the Court.

He left office in Vienna's Burgtheater in 1764. He/She then began a creative period where he/she was looking for a music for all nationalities. Thus, in collaboration with Leblanc du Roullet composed his first French opera, Iphigénie en Aulide (1774), and premiered on French stages Orphée et Eurycide, l'arbre enchanté, the Cythère assiegee, Alceste and Armide, Iphigenie in Touride.