Biography of José Miguel Gómez (1858-1921)

Lawyer, politician, and Cuban military, born in the province of Sancti Spiritus in 1858 and died in Washington in 1921, who was President between 1909 and 1913 by the Liberal Party.

Member of a distinguished family, made early studies in his hometown and then moved to Havana where he entered at the University to make law. He was a recognized independence from their student days; He participated in the war of Cuba from 1895, culminating with the end of Spanish domination. Once consolidated the Republic was appointed President, judiciary that exercised in the period between 1909 and 1913, after the mandate of Estrada Palma.

His Administration should seek harmony with a bipartisan operation, but the political situation was very delicate. Any internal problem could lead to the application of the Platt Amendment, the invasion by the United States and the loss of national sovereignty.

Gomez met with social upheavals which had to suppress and which caused the loss of the support of the electorate. His presidency also presented political and administrative corruption and conflict with the veterans and the party of the Independents of color.

Very poor programmatic performance and problems with different social forces brought as a consequence the discrediting of the Liberal Party, to which it belonged. In 1913 he had to relinquish power to Mario García Menocal, of conservative affiliation. It confronted the Government of García Menocal, in view of the protection that made U.S. interests and the sale of all the harvest at low prices to the United States in 1917. This movement was called "the chambelona hoist". The U.S. government outlawed liberal action and Gomez left for Washington, where he died in 1921.