Politician and Spanish lawyer, Prime Minister from 1982 until 1996, born on March 5, 1942.
Felipe González Márquez is one of the political figures of greater relevance in the history of Spain in the second half of the 20th century. He/She was born in Seville in 1942 and studied law, and later worked as a labor lawyer. It has also carried out studies in economics and industrial relations. His first important contact with the world of politics takes place in 1962, when he/she joined the Socialist Youth and focuses its work in Andalusia, where he/she reorganized the party. Member of the PSOE is made in 1964, and 1965 - 1970 was part of the provincial Committee of Seville. After the death of Indalecio Prieto in 1962, begins to become evident the lack of understanding between the "historical" Socialists and the "renewed". This disagreement, is evident in most clearly in the Congress of the Socialist Party of the 70. In 1972, at the XII Congress of the PSOE, the Socialists were divided into "historical" and "renewed" and Felipe González became general Secretary of the "renewed" after the first Congress in October 1974. González would get again, the fusion of both sectors in the XXVII Congress of the party.
From here, the PSOE will gain prominence, especially outside of Spain. Felipe González will present his Social Democrat point of view in the XXVIII Congress of the PSOE, as a possibility. Seeing that this is rejected, removed until September, when it returns in the extraordinary Congress. In 1977, the first general elections took place since 1936, the winner was Adolfo Suárez and his attitude anti-extremism, giving a moderate approach to the transition.
These elections, came accompanied by the passage of Felipe González at the head of the Socialist opposition and by the Constitution of the democratic cuts, whose main project was going to be the drafting of the Constitution, which creates a Committee on Constitutional Affairs that Felipe González fully supports. The Constitution was completed in 1978, the same year, Felipe González and Tierno Galván, sign the unification of the Socialist Labor Spanish party and the Socialist Party. Tierno Galván will pass to the Presidency of honour of the PSOE, party Felipe González will continue to lead. With this merger, is intended to create a stronger party.
In 1979, returns his party to stay as head of the opposition and it strengthens leadership, will be patent in the 18th Congress of the PSOE, which develops a moderate Social Democrat, very European, program that put him in a position committed initially to move then to give the undisputed leadership. Following the submission of the motion of censure by the PSOE, is glimpsed a certain crisis in the Government of the UCD and a hope for the Socialists. The decline of the UCD and the PCE, and the momentum of the PSOE, accounted for the triumph of the latter by an absolute majority (202 members) and the consequent rise of Felipe González, President of the Government. On June 12, 1985, Spain joins the European economic community, the European Organization of Nuclear energy and to the European Community of coal and steel. The Socialists had problems during negotiations, due to internal problems of the community. Felipe González also had to confront in 1985 with the reform of the Social security that was in a bad economic state, the welfare services are increased, pensions will be calculated taking into account the years listed, and removed certain benefits.
In 1986, González personally announced the referendum on membership of Spain to NATO, in which membership was approved. The management of Felipe González, has focused primarily on exterior, autonomic, counter-terrorism policy and reform financial and social development. He/She has held the post of Prime Minister during four sessions, until his party was defeated by the Popular Party in general elections on March 3, 1996. It ceases to be Prime Minister on May 4, 1996.
In May 2007 he/she was awarded the Charlemagne Prize, which is a recognition of European construction and world peace. In December of the same year, he/she was elected to lead the "Committee of wise men" of the European Union.