Biography of Domingo o "Dominguín" González Mateos (1895-1958)

Bullfighter Spanish, born in Quismondo (Toledo) on August 4, 1895, and died in Madrid on August 21, 1958. In the planet of the bulls is known by the nickname of 'Dominguin', a nickname that, over time, would also use the three continuators of the dynasty Bullfighter to which it gave rise, his sons Domingo González Lucas ("Dominguin"), José González Lucas ("Pepe Dominguín") and Luis Miguel González Lucas ("Luis Miguel Dominguín").

Bulls fan since I was a kid, he soon left the family home and settled in Madrid, where began to move many groping and amateur bullfights were within reach. Their dreams to become a great figure of bullfighting led him to adhere, in 1916, his first suit of lights in the Madrid village of Cadalso de los Vidrios, where did the paseíllo as a banderillero in the gang of "Algeteño". Already introduced in the modest regional bullfighting circuits, August 15 of that same year he did the paseíllo through sand Torrijos (Toledo), to kill her first novillo, in the company of another novice bullfighter, Emilio Méndez. Since then, home fans excited with the idea of having a bullfighter in the making, in Quismondo so improvised a square of trucks to convene two novilladas which could go tanning is in his office the young Domingo González Mateos. The courage and the grace that the novillero squandered before his countrymen encouraged the pharmacist and landowner of the place, don Román Merchán, to become the first business manager of "Dominguin", intending to give the decisive impulse that was asking his willful career.

So, on April 22, 1917 he appeared in the modest coso Madrid Tetuan of victories, where failed miserably in the fight and death of her first novillo, but succeeded to pass crutch, and store in a superb way to their second enemy. Came out on the shoulders of the small circus, success which took him directly to occur, three months later, in the first world plaza (then raised in the current plaza de Dalí, on the site where today is located the Palacio of the sports of the Madrid). It took place this presentation on July 14, 1917, the date on which the young "Dominguín" garnered a resounding failure that gave regional circles of bullfighting.

Embittered by this setback, remained active thanks to the numerous smaller celebrations in which took part in the Toledo environment villages, until the Barcelona businessman Eduardo Pagés was fixed in it and offered him a pair of contracts on the sands of the city of Barcelona. Determined to not miss this second chance, Domingo González Mateos was his strident two wins at the Coliseum, wins who opened the doors of the main squares of the country (Madrid, Bilbao, Seville, Murcia, Zaragoza, etc.). So many contracts rained down him, that before finished the campaign of 1918 had estoqueado one hundred five steers, who encouraged him to take the alternative at the end of this season.

Indeed, on September 26, 1918 it became the paseíllo through the Madrid arena, sponsored no less than by the brilliant Sevillian sword José Gómez Ortega ("Joselito" or "Cock"). As a witness, another prominent Bullfighter who was also his PhD that afternoon, completed the shortlisting the unfortunate Seville Bullfighter Manuel Vare García ("Varelito"). Had no luck that evening the Quismondo right-handed, as the bull which had win doctor tassel in bullfighting (a morlaco of iron of Contreras, who attended to the voice of Agujito), showed such gentleness that was condemned to the opprobrium of the flags of fire.

However, fame won during her overwhelming novilleril eclipsed that marred late of his doctorate. The right-handed toledano crossed the Atlantic at the end of this campaign of 1918 and exhibited his bullfighting at the plaza de toros de Lima, from where he returned to take part in the new Spanish season of 1919. From then on, the ups and downs that initially came to characterize his bullfighting career were accusing increasingly more potholes, and already in the 1920 and 1921 seasons can be said that the fans reminded her more by its failures than by its successes. However, among these last is right to highlight the resounding triumph that earned in the square of Madrid, on June 13, 1920, where he won the award of three ears to the Lugo right-handed Alfonso Cela Villeito ("Celita") and coletudo Seville José García Rodríguez ("Algabeno").

But, despite these isolated successes, the decline of his career soon began to be too obvious; in view of this, he began to develop his great gifts as an entrepreneur and seized bullfighters, facets in which, in the whole of bullfighting history, shone with much more intensity than as a killer of wild cattle. In fact, soon began to take in lease several squares of bulls that offered posters of great interest, which earned him succulent benefits, with very clear head, immediately invested in the lease and the Organization of - respectively - squares and still most important festivities. So, still without having abandoned the exercise of active bullfighting (which was nothing a figure of second row), promoted and directed two bullfighters races looming, who ended up becoming great personalities of bullfighters of the 20th century: Joaquín Rodríguez Ortega ("Cagancho") from Seville, and the Toledo Domingo López Ortega ("Domingo Ortega"). Subsequently, already held by their "clinical eye" when it comes to discover the hidden possibilities of young beginners, it dealt with the careers of their three children, until he died in the capital of Spain on August 21, 1958.

As bullfighter, Domingo González Mateos ('Dominguin') excelled mainly in the management of the crutch, knew that print a grace and a naturalness which, in their best afternoons, they were enough to conceal other many defects. Among the latter, highlights the scarce variety that showed with the cloak and, above all, the terrible execution of Supreme luck, handicap that ruined him some good work. It showed, in addition, at the beginning of his career great agility and efficiency in the placement of the breadsticks, but soon abandoned the practice of this sort.


GUILLÉN, Curro (pseudonym). Two famous dynasties of toreros. The welcome. The Dominguin (Madrid: A. Vassallo, 1961).

J.R. Fernández Cano.