Latvian politician, President of the Republic of Latvia between 1988 and 1993. He/She was born in Ludza, village of the eastern part of Latvia. He/She studied at the Polytechnic Institute of Riga. Before embarking on his political career, he/she worked in construction and, later, as mayoral on a State farm. In 1966, when he/she was twenty-four years, he/she joined the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU), whose hierarchy escalated rapidly since 1974 he/she held his first official position in the organization. Among other charges, was in the Kirov District Party Secretary and Secretary of the Central Committee of Latvia ideology. In 1988 agreed to power to be appointed Chairman of the Presidium of the Soviet Supreme of the Republic Socialist of Latvia (RSSL). In 1991 Latvia gained independence from the Soviet Union and Gorbunovs became the first President of the Supreme Council of the Republic.
In the run-up to independence, Gorbunovs had received harsh criticism of Latvian nationalism against its stance from conciliation with respect to the Soviet Union. However, since 1991 he/she attacked severely the Government of Moscow for breach of the agreements of independence. Refused to accept the Russian plan, which envisaged the start of the withdrawal of the Soviet troops on Latvian territory for 1994 and demanded that this year the total output of the Russian army was conducted. Russia also demanded that compensation to the Latvian State with the partial reequipacion of its army, whose troops were 60,000 men at the time of the Soviet invasion in 1940. In 1992 Gorbunovs read a very hard speech to the UN General Assembly in which lashed out colonialism exerted by Moscow during the years of Soviet domination. Since 1991 he/she crossly criticized the policy of Russian President Boris Yeltsin, who had given the order to stop the withdrawal of Russian troops from Latvian territory until Gorbunovs Government accept its conditions on the treatment of the Russian citizens in Latvia should receive. Gorbunovs refused to accept these conditions and demanded the intervention of the international community through the sending of observers charged with monitoring the ruso-letonas negotiations that took place in July 1993. That same year Gorbunovs was replaced as President of the Republic by Guntis Ulmanis. Since he/she went to preside over the Latvian Parliament or Saeima. In July of the following year, Gorbunovs broke the coalition Government his party, Latvian way, forming together with the Rural Union of President Ulmanis.