Biography of Manuel Eduardo de Gorostiza y Cepeda (1789-1851)

Playwright and Mexican politician born in Veracruz on October 13, 1789 and died in Tacubaya in 1851.

Third son of Pedro de Gorostiza, Governor peninsular of Veracruz with the count of Revillagigedo, and María de el Rosario Cepeda, natural of Cadiz, city of which he/she was honorary perpetual Councilor, lived his early years in Veracruz, moving to Spain with his mother and brothers to the death of his father in 1794. The family settled in Madrid. Her mother assigned to the Church, and put in a convent, but the young man rebelled by choosing the military profession.

Captain of grenadiers in 1808, it seems that he/she found in Bailén, then he/she was injured from a bayonetazo, having to be admitted to a hospital. It ended the war graduated from Colonel. The 30 December 1811 he/she married in Madrid Juana of Castile and Portugal, born in court, daughter of Baltasar de Castilla and Bernarda Arredondo Carmona. Juana was celebrated for its beauty. In these final years of the war of independence and the beginning of absolutism, he/she lived between Cadiz and Madrid, making friendship with many American courts, Félix Mejía and the actor Máiquez.

He cultivated in Madrid Theatre, publishing its first comedies indulgence for everyone - premiered by Maiquez - (Madrid, 1818), the customs of yesteryear (Madrid, 1819), Don Dieguito (Madrid, 1820), comedies (Madrid, 1818-1820) - the already mentioned most player and such for which. In 1819 he/she criticized America's civil war and expressed the wish that the projected military expedition under with the rebellion of the colonies. However it will use to fund in Madrid in the revolution of 1820. In March of 1820 was removed from the army. Editor of the constitutional, or Chronicle, of the 13 of March of 1820 to the 6 may 1820. Partner or director of the constitutional sceptre, in Madrid, on December 2, 1820 to January 13, 1821. Also author of booklets as a letter to the Hon. Mr. Marquis of Castelar... about representation, which went to S.M. in 16 July 1820, for itself and on behalf of the Gefes and individuals of his body (Madrid, 1820). Fontana, on 25 June 1820 to September 16, 1821. The constitutional writer: Mail until March 5, 1821. In letter to the echo of Padilla, number 19 November 1821, says not having ever written anything in cowhide. Mesonero Romanos credited the gallery thumbnail of renowned journalists, folletinistas and writers of Madrid. Two seniors and a domine (Madrid, 1822). It also seems to be his Catalonia at the end of July 1822, or quick look at on the origin, progress, projects and resources of the liberticide faction in its four provinces (Madrid, 1822).

In March 1822 he/she moved to Paris, where he/she published original Theatre (1822). Perhaps the reason for this trip was his relationship with DC Becher of Elberfeld (Prussia), Deputy director of a company of the Indies, which was proposed to enter into trade relations with the Republic of Mexico. On October 24, 1822 he/she was officially appointed director of "Die Rheinische-Westindische Kompagnie". However still appears in the Landaburiana, on October 25, 1822. The following year attempted to write a biography of irrigation, which left no more than an introduction, expression of their disenchantment with the Spanish liberalism, which had failed to be revolutionary, but also whistle-blower who try to discredit him to prolong the abuses and privileges.

Emigrated in England, 24 June 1824, in letter to Lucas Alamán, to the then Minister of Foreign Affairs of Mexico, requested the Mexican nationality, and then the 1 July 1824 is offered the Mexican Government: for him the defeat of 1823 meant breaking the bonds linking you to the homeland of his parents. As a diplomat, he/she remained in Europe eight years, between London and Brussels, with long journeys through Germany, and visits to Paris. He/She published new collections of his works, in Brussels in 1825, and in Paris in 1826. Rojas Francisco comedy what women, are consolidated by Gorostiza, was premiered in Barcelona January 31, 1828. According to the Palau bibliographer are his Trois lettres adressées par a Mexicain ou Monsieurs them editors du Courier des Pays-Bas. He/She returned to Mexico in 1833. He/She was librarian at Veracruz, in 1833, intervened in the issue of Texas in 1836, as the Mexican Government about the United States envoy, and even published in Madrid with you bread and onion (1833) and the distrustful (1837).

Minister of Foreign Affairs between 1838 and 1840, Director of the income of tobacco, in 1841, Minister of finance, war, and Navy, between 1842 and 1843, Entrepreneur of the main theater, in 1844, Minister of finance, in 1846, was the inspiration of the founding Decree of the national library. It seems that it fought against the Yankees in 1847, becoming prison several months. An edition of its theatre appeared posthumous in 1852 in Mexico.


Calderon, I, 81,83

Diari de Barcelona, 31 January 1828.

GIL NOVALES, Alberto: The patriotic societies. Madrid: Tecnos, 1975.

List of men, heroic and distinguished, eminent clarified, illustrious and distinguished that have helped restore the constitutional system; or reply to the catalogue of our glorious revolution heroes. Madrid, 1822.

Maria Y CAMPOS, Armandi of: Manuel Eduardo Gorostiza and his time. Mexico, 1959.

PALAU and DULCET, Antonio: Manual of Hispanic bookseller. 2nd ed. Barcelons, 1948 - 1077.

PEÑA and REYES, Antonio of the: Don Mauel Ediardo Gorostiza and the question of Texas. Mexico, 1924.

SPELL: "Gorostiza and England". Atlanta. London, III, I, 1955.

A Gil Novales