Biography of Jakubu Gowon (1935-VVVV)

Politician and Nigerian military, Pankshin, born October 19, 1934. Doctor of philosophy by the University of Warwick, his early studies carried out in the school of San Bartolomé, Christian missions, and the College of the Government of Zaira.

At the age of twenty, he enlisted in the army and entered the school military Eshie, in Ghana. He continued his military training at Sandhurst Academy, which belongs to the English army, and carried out several training courses in Britain, where she studied at Eaton Hall Officer Cadet School, Camberley Staff College and the Joint Services Staff College.Tras their stay in Britain, he returned in 1957 to Nigeria with second teniente-alferez range and he was assigned to the garrison of Ibadan. In 1960 participated as head of unit of the fourth battalion of the army Nigerian in the operations that were carried out in the regions bordering Cameroon.

From November 1960 to June 1961 and, later, from January to June 1963, he served as Commander of Brigade of peacekeepers of the United Nations aimed at the Congo. In 1963 it was Lieutenant Colonel. Three years later, he was in command of the second battalion of the Nigerian Army in Ikeja.

In 1966, after the military mutiny that toppled in January to the Prime Minister Balewa, was formed a military Government led by general Johnson Aguiyi Ironsi and Gowon was appointed head of the State of the army.

On July 29, 1966 Prime Minister general Ironsi, announced the abolition of the federal system and its replacement by a centralized system. Clashes between the tribes of the North and the South and, in the midst of the chaos, Gowon staged a coup and took power.

The eastern region of Biafra, Ibo ethnic majority, was divided into three provinces in the new territorial deal. On May 30, 1967 Biafra, general Ojukwu, military commander proclaimed the secession of the Eastern Province and the birth of the independent Biafra Republic.

Started a civil war, known as the Biafra war, which lasted until January 12, 1970, the date on which Biafra capitulated. Shortly after the end of the war, Gowon decreed the amnesty and promised to cede power to a civilian Government in 1976. On July 29, 1975, a group of Muslim officers under the command of Colonel Joseph Garba, head of the personal guard of Gowon, overthrew Gowon and were leading the country to general Murtala Ramat Muhammed.

Accused of involvement in the foiled coup of February 1976, where he died Murtala, Gowon was exiled to Britain. In 1978 he obtained his doctorate in philosophy from the University of Warwich. On October 2, 1981, he was allowed to return to Nigeria to withdraw the then-President of the Republic, Shehu Shagari, the accusations weighing on him.

After his return, Gowon, he served as Professor of politics and international relations at the University of Jos. In January 1993 announced his intention to stand in the primaries that are elected official candidates for the presidential elections. Gowon aspired to become an official candidate of the National Republican Convention (NRC).He has been married since 1969 with Victoria Hansatu Zakari and has a son and two daughters.