Biography of Fray Luis de Granada (1504-1588)

Spanish writer, whose real name was Luis de Sarriá, although it is best known for his literary pseudonym of Fray Luis de Granada, as this is his hometown. As already mentioned, born in Granada in 1504 and died in Lisbon on 31 December 1588. His parents, of Galician origin, were very humble; moved to the South before the Reconquista. Luis was his father at age five by which her mother worked as a washerwoman in the monastery of the Holy Cross of Granada and don Íñigo López de Mendoza, conde de Tendilla took to it as a page. He/She studied the early years in the monastery and in 1528 went to study in Valladolid, in the colegio de San Gregorio, where he/she met Melchor Cano. In 1542, in Córdoba, he/she met Juan de Avila, whose biography he/she wrote; in this city he/she became Vicar of the convent of Santo Domingo of Scala Dei. His reputation as a preacher spread all over the world and the provincial of the order had to grant a license so that travel freely where it would like to. In 1547, he/she founded the monastery of Badajoz, where he/she wrote Guide to sinners, didactic work, from reading and writing simple, which tried to propagate the Christian virtues. It is debated whether the book of prayer and meditation (1554) is inspired by that of Fray Pedro de Alcántara or vice versa. in this book, devoted and didactic as well as guide, presented the five parts of the prayer in fourteen aesthetic meditations.

He travelled to Portugal, where he/she was the Royal confessor, but refused the bishopric of Viseu and the Archbishopric of Braga.Retomando his literary work is worth mentioning that, apart from the creation of his writings already mentioned and which are cited later on, translated the work of Tomás Kempis. He/She wrote in latin Libri sex ecclesiasticae rhetoricae (1576), book translated into Spanish in 1770; Portugese wrote compendium of doctrine christiana, (1575-76), which includes thirteen sermons and meditations very devout, the biographies of Juan de Avila and Fray Bartolomé de los Mártires. Another work in Portuguese is the introduction of the symbol of faith (1583), encyclopedia of religion Christian inspired by St. Basil, St. Ambrose and Teodoreto. In Lisbon he/she wrote Memorial of the Christian life (1565), which subsequently added additions to the memorial (1574). Also: Book of prayer and meditation, life of Doña Elvira de Mendoza and militia Fernández Portuguese life, great servant of God.