Biography of Johann Gottlieb Graun (ca. 1702-1771)

German composer born in Wahrenbrück (Saxony) to 1702 and died in Berlin in 1759.

Johann Gottlieb Braun is the best-known of the foremost family of composers of the Berlin school: August Friederich (1698-1765), Johann Gottlieb and Karl Heinrich (1703-1757), all brothers. Studied at the Kreuzschule in Dresden and at the University of Leipzig and were present at the premiere of Constance and fortezza of Fux in Prague (1723). Thereafter they followed different paths. August Friederich, singer of the Domschule of Merseburg, few works are preserved. Johann Gottlieb was a pupil of Tartini in Prague and then konzertmeister in Merseburg. In 1732 he/she worked for the Prince Federico de Prusia, to whose service he/she continued when he/she ascended the throne, along with his brother Karl Heinrich had been Brunswick opera tenor and at the Court of Prussia was kappelmeister. The collaboration of Karl Heinrich and Johann Gottlieb part of the development of the tune and the pre-classical concert.The Graun brothers sought, within the Baroque, an intermediate point between the Italian modern style and German counterpoint, he/she relied on Benda, Quantz, and Bach. Even though all of them shows the influence of Italian, comic opera in Johann Gottlieb and Karl Heinrich/shellfish, they printed their works a style of Northern Germany, although his orchestration is conservative. The Oratory of Karl Heinrich Der tod Jesu (1755) was regularly played by the Protestant Berlin communities until it was replaced by the passion according to San Mateo de Bach at the end of the 19th.

Bibliography.

HONEGGER, Marc. Dictionary of music. Madrid, Espasa Calpe, Second Edition. 1993.

History of classical music. Madrid, planet, 1983.

MICHELS, Ulrich. Atlas de la Música. Madrid, Alianza Editorial, 1992.