Biography of Laureano Guevara (1889-1968)

Painter and muralist Chilean, born in Molina on June 18, 1889 and died in Santiago de Chile on November 21, 1968, representative of the Chilean generation of 1913 and considered one of the first truly contemporary painters of his country, was awarded the national prize of art in 1967 for his long artistic and teaching career. His full name was Laureano Manuel Ladrón de Guevara.

Son of a professor at the Liceo de Valparaíso, Laureano language was formed in this Center under the teachings of the main Chilean painting teacher of the time, Juan Francisco González, and although later began the career of law, soon his artistic vocation led him to enter the Academy of fine arts of Santiago, where he received classes, among othersthe Spanish Fernando Álvarez de Sotomayor and his compatriots Alberto Valenzuela LlanosMercedes Ortega José and Pedro Lira, and coincided with painters such as Pablo Burchard and Augusto Eguiluz.

In 1919 he won for the first time by the official Hall of Santiago, which distinguished him throughout his life with numerous awards. On a trip to Europe in 1924, he learned various techniques of painting (fresh, stained glass, etching) and made contact with the current avant-garde, especially Cubism.

Back in Chile, he was appointed Professor of engraving at the school of fine arts, but after the closure of this Centre, in 1928, he left again towards Europe together with the outstanding group of artists that would be known as the Chilean generation of 28. He worked in the Academy Grande Chaumiere in Paris and in Spain was commissioned to decorate the Pavilion of Chile for the Ibero-American exhibition in Seville in 1929, project which undertook together with Arturo Gordon and Abelardo Bustamante and which were awarded the gold medal.

Already amply recognized his talent as a muralist in 1933 was put in charge of the course of mural painting from the school of fine arts of Santiago, which then transformed into Chair, and the following year was appointed Professor of Experimental artistic Liceo. In addition to the national prize of art, Laureano Guevara received among other awards, granted by the illustrious municipality of Santiago (1937) and the prize of the Edwards event of the official Salon of the year, the first prize of Mural painting on the occasion of the fourth centenary of the Foundation of Santiago (1941), the award of Honor of the XVI Salon of summer of Viña del Mar (1949), and the critics Prize (1956).

The work of Laureano Guevara feeds mainly of rugged landscapes, scenes and traditional portraits and still lifes, a common theme to the artists of the generation of the thirteenth, but on the other hand, linked to the tradition of nineteenth-century painting. His sober style, with a melancholic tone, reflects a deep feeling for the places of their land, especially the coastal (by the sea), places that plasma masterfully under different prisms that offer seasonal changes (spring and autumn in Tobalada; Month of May) or subtle variations in brightness; in this sense, Guevara is an artist of color as a feature that is prepended to the composition and drawing, but always used within a strict academic balance. As muralist painter reached very high levels of recognition and probably a higher pictorial quality; several of his murals, some of them in collaboration with their generation, had as support buildings of the Chilean capital: the facade of the mother house, gone now; the Liceo Juan Antonio Ríos Morales; or the main wall of the former School of fine arts, later Museum of contemporary art, partially destroyed as a result of the fire in 1968.