King of Scotland called the lion. He/She ascended the throne in 1165 and died in 1214. He/She succeeded his brother Malcom IV and uselessly claimed Enrique II of England in Northumberland. He/She invaded England, but he/she was defeated by Enrique and compelled to testify was his vassal. Ricardo the Lionheart exempted him from the vassalage by a hefty sum. He/She was successor to his son Alejandro II.