Biography of Zaha Hadid (1950-VVVV)

Iraqi architect, based in London, born in Baghdad in 1950.

He studied architecture at the Architectural Association in London, ending them with the award of a Diploma with special mention (1977). His first works were almost theoretical, since he/she began teaching at the University, where he/she studied with Elia Zenghelis.

As a teacher has been recognized its capacity around the world, being invited to the most recognized schools, as it is the case of Harvard. In 1979 he/she began in the world of design, getting the Gold Medal of the architectural design for one devoted to an apartment in the city of London. This work was followed by a Folie in Osaka (1990) and the Moonsoan restaurant, among others.

His architectural work has been included on occasions within the constructivist tendency. In the 1980's became a part of the Office for Metropolitan Architecture. In 1983, his work was recognized worldwide after being awarded the first prize in the competition for the Hong Kong Peak Club. Also won first place in competitions for the center of Multimedia art of Dusserldort (1989) and the opera of Cardiff in which the building is located high on the ground and, due to their exterior features, merges the typology of theatre with the typology of urban, rejecting the idea of block closed through transparency.

In 1990 he/she completed the works of Music Video (Grønningen) Pavilion and created a series of installations for exhibitions from the Guggenheim, the work of the American architect Frank Lloyd Wright. The Firehouse of Vitra (Weil and Rhein) initiated in 1989 he/she graduated in 1993. Since then it has dedicated to carrying out projects of urban restructuring for some ports of European cities, mainly in Germany.

The architecture of Zaha Hadid is a radical architecture in terms of its forms and methods of construction, providing all the technology at your service manages to create a completely personal architecture, where the spaces are used in a continuous manner (interior and exterior) through vertical and horizontal planes that expand and contract, causing a feeling of lightness at the same timemovement and fluidity of spaces as well as a stratification of the same. Outwardly, his works are characterized by a futuristic plastic sometimes, due to the forms used for the walls of concrete and glass.

Zaha Hadid drawings have also been recognized internationally: for it to constitute a fundamental tool for the extraction of the project. These have been exhibited at the Guggenheim Museum (1978, New York City), at the Architectural Association (1983, London), in the Museum of modern art in New York (1988), at Harvard (1994) and in numerous exhibitions organized by universities around the world. Currently, his work is displayed in the Museum of modern art in New York and Germany.

In 2003 received the prize Mies van der Rohe of the European Union for its project "parking and terminal North Hoeinheim", completed in 2002 in Strasbourg. In March 2004, it also received the Pritzker Prize, considered the "nobel of architecture".

In May 2004 he/she was commissioned to design a railway station in the Basque town of Durango, where the Basque railway company Euskotren; will be based but this would be only the first of the nine projects that would have launched in 2006 in Spanish territory, including the library of the University of Seville, the Spiralling Tower in Barcelona or the Additionally for the Expo in Zaragoza.

Bibliography

BENEVOLENT, l.-history of the architecture modern. Editorial Gustavo Gili, Barcelona, 1987.