Biography of Sir Henry Rider Haggard (1856-1925)

English novelist, born in Bradenham, Norfolk. He was the son of a lawyer and he was educated at Ipswick. In 1875 Haggard spent some time in Africa of the South as the Secretary of the Governor of Natal, Sir Henry Bulwer, and was deeply impressed with the country and its people. On his return to England in 1880, he began to study law, and entered the legal profession in 1884. At the same time, he began writing books that, at first, did not have much success; but his luck changed with the publication of his first narrative work, King Solomon completo de Mines (1885), which sold 600,000 copies in the first six months.

It contains almost everything an adventure story should be: three men set off on an exciting expedition across Africa unknown in search of a treasure. They face a desperate struggle for survival in a ruthless and scorching desert. When travelers arrive at the unknown realm of the kukuanas, their adventures are multiplied. They are terrified witnesses of a blood thirsty witch hunt and are almost killed themselves. The great battle flinal is one of the best scenes of war never described, in which Grey warriors show their courage.

History stands out especially for their characters: the vigorous Sir Henry Curtis, his friend Captain Good and Hunter Allan Quatermain, the Narrator, are the heroes, suitable for the adventures they face.

He retired to a house in the countryside of Norfolk, where he wrote a series of fantastic stories with African locales that were popular in the extreme, as She (1887) and Allan Quatermain (1887). Haggard of an exotic atmosphere and adventure deftly dosed mixture was the recipe for the narration had prescribed the influential critic Andrew Lang, with whom Haggard collaborated in The World completo Desire (1890). It can be considered as a writer style Stevenson - in whose book the treasure island was inspired to write the first series - although more coarse and less talented. Haggard also wrote about agricultural issues and in the field.

Never forgotten, remembered for authors of works of imagination as disparate as Kipling and Graham Greene, his works have been reprinted recently by the Publisher Macdonald, who launched seventeen titles of Haggard in 1970.


Dictionary of literature. (Madrid: Alianza Editorial, 1989).