Emperor and Ethiopian politician. For almost 60 years ruled Ethiopia with the intention to launch it on the modernization while maintaining, in the 20th century, very similar to the feudal monarchs formulas. That was the 225 descendant of Solomon by the Queen of Sheba, born Lij Tafari, Harrar, in 1892. Son of the general favorite of Emperor Menelik II, his birth name was Tafari Makonnen. As a youngster, he was appointed Governor of Sidamo, with the title of ras. Held on the throne to Empress Zeodita, daughter of Menelik II, and in September 1936 was named heir to the Crown. On the death of the Empress in 1928, he ascended the throne as King and in 1930 took the title of Negus Negaesti (King of Kings or Emperor) and the name of Haile Selassie I. At the time, it gathered in its people other so many titles such as Judá León, power of the Trinity and heir to the throne of Solomon and the Queen of Sheba. Admitted his country in the United Nations society since 1923, he signed with Italy, the same year of his ascent to the throne, a Treaty of friendship and cooperation economic for a period of twenty years. In 1931 he proclaims a Constitution of the European Court, being his country's first written Constitution.
Before the Italian invasion ordered by Mussolini, he had to leave the country in May 1936, but not renounced his rights, he defended before the League of Nations. He moved to England, where he stayed until 1941, year in which returns to occupy the throne again and continue their work for the modernization of the country. In the post-war period, the political activity of the Emperor is marked by the creation of the Council of Ministers, the Federation with Eritrea, the Constitution of the University College of Addis Ababa (base of the future University), the enactment of a new Constitution and a new Penal Code, the inauguration of the first Parliament with members elected by popular vote and the implementation of the five-year Plan I. In December 1960, he had to deal with an uprising led by the Crown Prince Asfa Wassan, who managed to crush. Three years later, he sponsored the first Conference of the Organization for African Unity (OAU), meeting in Addis Ababa, Summit maximum of its intense activity for the unity of Africa. Despite the efforts, Ethiopia was still a backward country. Economic and political conditions, latifundia, corruption, illiteracy, etc., aggravated the crisis at times, while in the areas of power engaged in holding sumptuous banquets, of a feudal monarch. Corruption within the power led to the rebellion of the armed forces in February 1974, which led to the overthrow of the regime by a coup d'etat. The military Junta that was formed after the coup progressively decreased the powers of the Emperor until in September of the same year he was arrested and imprisoned. Since then did not return to appear in public. A year later, he died in Addis Ababa.