Biography of Thomas Hampson (1955-VVVV)

American baritone born in 1955 in the city of Elkhart, in the State of Indiana, but grew up in Spokane, in Washington State.

He carried out his first singing studies at Fort Wright College, with the teacher Sr. Marietta Cole. Her operatic debut took place in the city of Spokane, playing the role of the father in a local production of the opera Hänsel und Gretel by E. Humperdinck, when he was only nineteen years old. Between 1978 and 1979, he continued his education at the Music Academy of the West with the professors Gwendolyn Koldowsky7 and Martial Singher. Already in 1980, won several prizes in several competitions. In addition, this year it came into contact with the soprano Elisabeth Schwarzkopf, who received some lessons. Also in 1980 he met Horst Günther, another of the most significant people of his career and since then has helped him to plan his career.

From the same year, 1980, the baritone undertook one of the most active careers as a soloist of recent years, which led him to act from the very beginning both in the main theaters of opera in the United States and across Europe. This career led him already from the first years of the Decade of the eighties to interpret some of the operatic characters most representative of the baritone repertoire, and this within an extraordinarily wide spectrum of styles ranging from the passion according to San Juan of Johann Sebastian Bach, who played in 1984 at the Alte Oper in Frankfurt under the baton of Nikolaus Harnoncourtup to several roles for baritone created by the British composer Benjamin Britten. His versatility as a performer has allowed, on the other hand, deal with the study of several Italian operas, from the Claudio Monteverdi to Giuseppe Verdi, passing through the intermediate step between both styles that represents the Repertoire of Rossini, without forgetting their interpretations of several of the characters of Mozart, including Cosi Guiglielmo fan tuttewith which he debuted in the Opera of San Luis in 1982, or the count in the marriage of Figaro, who played under the direction of James Levine at the teatro Metropolitan in New York in 1986, as well as of Don Giovanni, which debuted in Zurich in 1987. Already in 1990 participated in a production of the opera Il Ritorno di Ulisse in Patria of Claudio Monteverdi as mentioned, staged at the San Francisco Opera.

The intense activity that Thomas Hampson deployed in its early years on stage not only has not diminished, but it has increased if possible since the beginning of the 1990s. In the 1996-1997 season, participated in the production of the opera by V. Bellini I Puritani staged at the teatro Metropolitan in New York, which played for the first time throughout his career the character of Riccardo. In the same season, but this time on the stage of the Vienna Staatsoper, sang the role of Eugeni Onegin in the opera of the same title by the Russian composer P. i. Tolstoi. Also in 1997, she played the Traviata of Verdi's Germont in the Opernhaus in Zurich, a theatre that has been linked and collaborated regularly since the beginning of his solo career. Throughout the season 1998-1999 has debuted with the roles of King Roger, of the composer Karol Szymanowski in the opera festivals of Birmingham and Salzburg, as well as with the Guillermo Tell, the character of the opera of the same title by G.Rossini. His collaboration with the Metropolitan Opera House in New York has continued to put in scene this theatre version for baritone Werther, by J. Massenetopera. Among the surprises that Thomas Hampson has offered throughout the year 1999 has highlighted his first foray in the Repertoire of Richard Wagner, to represent the character of Wolfram in a production of the opera Tannhäuser put in scene in the Opernhaus in Zurich in July of this year.

The prodigality of his career as a performer on the main operatic stages of the whole world has not prevented you carry out a rhythm of recitals of songs and recordings also intense disc. These recorded editions include an extensive repertoire ranging from the works belonging to the operatic repertoire recordings of various song cycles, already belong to the Repertoire of the German Lied, as it is the case of his interpretations of G. Mahler and R. SchumannLieder cycles, whether more modern works, among which is the collection of songs on poems of the American Walt Whitman also put in music by various English composers and Americans.

His recordings have obtained distinction as Gramophone Award on three occasions, the Grand Prix of the Nouvelle Académie du Disque, the Prix Charles Cros of the Académie du Disque Lyrique, as well as six nominations to the Grammy Awards and the Toblacher Prize. Besides, over the last few years Thomas Hampson has received several awards and personal honours awarded by American and European musical institutions including the Citation of merit for Lifetime Contribution to Music & Education, awarded by the National Arts Club of America, as well as consideration of Stern des Jahres 1992 ("star of the year 1992") of the German daily Münchener Abendzeitung or, also in the same year, the American Male Singer of the Year and Musical America completo Vocalist of the Year Awards. In 1996, the Royal Academy of Music of London offered him the appointment of an honorary member and Whitworth College awarded the degree of Doctor Honoris Causa.

ibliografia and audiovisual documentation.

Who's Who in American Music.TRANCHEFORT, f. R.: L' Opéra (Éditions Du Seuil) (Spanish version: La Opera, Taurus Ediciones, 1985).MANCINI, r.: L´art du chant, Paris, 1969. Thomas Hampson: I hear America singing: video in which a television program on the role of the song within the development of American culture appears collected. In addition to the performances, Thomas Hampson took part in the production of this video as artistic director (WNET/Thireteen, 1997). (Web page associated with http://www.wnet.org/ihas).

Other addresses on the Internet.

http://www.hampsong.com: excellent and very stylish website maintained on behalf of the own T. Hampson which provides all sorts of information constantly updated about the career of the baritone, as well as brief samples of several of his recordings. http://www.thomashampson.com

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Discography.

Thomas Hampson and Craig Rutenberg (piano): To the Soul, Thomas Hampson sings the poetry of Walt Whitman, EMI classics, 7243 5 55028 2 7.B. Britten: War Requiem. Hampson, Hadley, Vaness; Masur, New York Philharmonic. Teldec.B. Britten: Billy Budd. Hampson, Rolfe-Johnson, Halvarson; Nagano, Hallé Orchestra. Erato.G. Mahler: Rückert Lieder & Kindertotenlieder. Das Lied von der Erde. Hampson, Rieger; EMI CDC 7243 5 56443 2 9. (piano versions).Walton: Belshazzar completo Feast: Hampson; Rattle, Orchestra & Chorus of the City of Birmingham, Cleveland Orchestra Chorus. EMI 7243 556592 2.Bernstein: Wonderful Town. Hampson, Criswell, Gilfrey; Sir Simon Rattle. EMI. (recorded in June 1998).Danielpour: Elegies. Hampson, von Stade; Nierenberg; Jacksonville Symphony. (recorded in September 1998).Symanowski: King Roger. Hampson, Sir Simon Rattle; City of Birmingham Orchestra. EMI (recorded in July 1998). Opera Duets for Bass & Baritone. Hampson, Ramey; Teldec. (recorded in June 1996). Operetta Arias. Hampson; Welser-Möst London Philharmonic; EMI (recorded in October 1994) C. Porter: Night and Day. Hampson; Adams, London Symphony Orchestra, Ambrosian Chorus; EMI CDC 7 54203 2. (1990). christmas with Thomas Hampson. Hampson; Wolff, Saint Paul Chamber Orchestra; Teldec 273135-2 (9031-73135-2 European edition). (1991). Great American Songwriters. Hampson, Te Kanawa, von Stade, Hubbard; Angel/EMI 64670. (Cole Porter songs). (1990). Leading Man. Hampson; Gemigniani; Angel/EMI 2435-55249-2. (1994-1995). The Men in My Life. Horne, Hadley, Hampson, Ramey; Gemigniani; BMG 09026-62647-2. (1993).

Lucía Díaz Marroquín.