Biography of Peter Handke (1942-VVVV)

Peter Handke

Film director and Austrian writer, born in Griffen (Austria) on December 6, 1942.

Known for its magnificent literary work, Peter Handke has "flirted" for decades with the film as screenwriter or director of a handful of feature films. If the influence of cinema can be detected significantly in some of his theatrical works, brief letter to a long goodbye case, his own literary work has also served inspiration for much of the films he has done.

Inner during his childhood in a Jesuit College, who was expelled for reading to hidden prohibited literature, ended up studying law at the University of Graz.

Literary work

It became known as a playwright in 1966, which also published his first novel, the Hornets. In this, that Hanke describes is not both a journey and a decline; It does not describe a reality, but 'his' reality, which serves as a pretext to meet again with the traumas and terrors of her childhood. The memory of something that happened - or perhaps wasn't and just left grounds in his memory, takes you to the world of the unseen, and gives rise to an evocative account of a few facts that recompose on the story of a family of village, with all its avatars daily and routine.

Among their novelistic production stand out, among others, brief letter to a long goodbye (1972), the left-handed woman (1976), the afternoon of a writer (1987) and the weight of the world (1984), written autobiographical form. Many of his novels were conceived originally as cinema scripts.

Strongly influenced by Existentialism of Sartre, Camus and Kafka, structuralism and the "nouveau roman" French, the early writings of Handke sought to confront the hope of the bourgeoisie with the development of the new way of perceiving the environment. His theatrical experiments used optical and linguistic devices to test the possibility of integrating the essence of a thing with his phenomenological appearance. An example of this would be the work Kaspar (1968), which reflected the socialization process of a man who looks like a clown, and makes desperate efforts to support the single sentence which is known ("I want to be one person like any other"), which fails because of the pointers.

In 1996 he switched on the cultural world with an essay about a trip to Greece. Currently there are brand new in Vienna a play about the power and laws. Titled preparations for immortality, the work, whose world premiere will take place February 8 at the Burgtheater of Vienna, under the direction of Claus Peymann. It is the last part of a trilogy, comprising the set of questions and the time in which we knew nothing of the other. Some critics point out that Handke was inspired for his new work in amputation of Yugoslavia after the separation of Slovenia, something that the author, who has Slovenian roots, has never come to digest, as demonstrated in the subsequent controversy to the publication of his book justice for Serbia.

In 1999 he published the year I spent in the Bay of nobody, a strange book that explores the possibility of life transformation from the language. In 2005 he published a controversial essay entitled "Las tablas de Daimiel", which sums up his thoughts on the Balkans; After long talks with Milosevic, whom he describes as "a tragic character", Handke declares in this essay the illegitimacy of the Court of the Hague and insists on seeing the Serbs as the real victims of the war. In the same vein, the granting of the Heine Prize in May 2006 gave rise to a heated debate and open criticism from critics and politicians; and even the City Hall which is granted the award, Düsseldorf, arose a vote to remove him the award approved by the jury. In any case, it was own writer who later renounced the award, because "he was not prepared" to see his work "again and again subjected to the plebeian insults of fellow politicians".

Cinematographic work

In 1969, when her literary vocation seemed definitely on course, he met filmmaker Wim Wenders, with whom he collaborated in a short 3 Long-American Plays. Interested in the adaptation of the novel by Handke fear of the goalkeeper to the penalty, Wenders was able to convince the writer to come back to be co-writer and, thanks to the endorsement of its prestigious name, that German television cofinanciara the film. Later, Handke worked with Wenders on false movement, which along with the fear of the goalkeeper before the penalty and Alice in the cities constitute an extraordinary trilogy on the theme of travel as a form of knowledge of human beings. False movement, even reported them the Grand Prize of the cinema of Germany in 1975.

On fair reciprocity, it was Wenders who produced the left-handed woman, directorial debut of Handke, which reaped an extraordinary international resonance. Adaptation of his novel, the film is a bitter tale about the need to be alone as a form of individual liberation. Few films there are throughout the history of cinema that reflect such contemplative way feelings internally of a woman in existential crisis, whose previous world collapses while she tries to stop him, even though neither knows for sure towards where you want to move. This acute reflection on life and the possible futility of living together as a couple, where silences end up being more expressive than words, raised on controversy between many European intellectuals, several of which catalogued the collection of slides before true cinema feature.

As usual in Handke, your next project took eight years to take shape. And it is precisely this slowness, as well as the conceptual complexity of their proposals, are hallmarks of his forays into the film. Das mal des todes adapted the novel by Marguerite Duras to tell the story of a woman hired to spend several days with a millionaire obsessed with female forms. While the absence reflects the personal and creative leap Handke has given and which is also reflected in its literature: narratives in a way traditional evolves into a modern mixture of essay and novel. Playing with continuous improvisation from the actors, several of them complete amateurs as the Spanish translator Eustaquio Barjau, absence follows characters travelling through the Pyrenees in search of its identity. Multicultural and spoken film in languages as diverse as the German, Greek, French or the Spanish, is a strange experiment that goes to show, once again, that its author anything to upstream of fashions and unique thoughts.


As screenwriter:

Cortometrajes.1969: 3 Long-American Plays.

Largometrajes.1971: Fear of the goalkeeper to the penalty. 1975: False movement. 1987: The sky over Berlin.

As director:

Largometrajes.1977: The left-handed woman. 1985: Das mal des todes. 1992: The absence.