Poet and English novelist, one of the most important figures of the modern British literature, born in Upper Bockahampton, near Dorchester, in Dorsetshire, population in 1840. The sixteen years it was apprenticed to a local architect, and at twenty-two, moved to London to continue his works of architecture for five years. In this period he lost his religious faith. In 1874, he left architecture in favor of writing, and married Emma Guifford. The marriage was devoted to travel around Europe, though Hardy always spent several months a year in London. This author, who enjoyed a great admiration by the literary society and aristocratic London, not could forget, conversely, the constant criticism of his "pessimistic" and "immorality". The bad reception obtained by his two latest novels, led to abandon the narrative to devote himself to poetry, in which the constant theme was his first love. Emma died in 1912 and two years later Hardy married Florance Dugdale.
The underlying theme in many of the novels of Hardy, short poems, and his epic drama The Dynasts, is the struggle of man against the indifferent force that governs the world and that inflicts upon him the sufferings and ironies of life and love. Hardy had a sense of humor and very acute nonsense, that get exposed with ease in the presentations of his rustic characters, in terms of their novels.Most of his poems and novels reveal his love of nature and the observation that makes it subject, often with a strong symbolic effect.
The novels of Hardy, according to its own classification, are divided into three groups:-novels of character and environment. This section includes the following novels: Under the Greenwood Tree (1872), Far from the Madding Crowd (1874), The return of the Native (1878), The Major of Casterbridge (1886), The Woodlanders (1887), Tess of the D'Urberville (1891) and Jude of Obscure (1896)-adventure and fantastic books. In this type are: A pair of blue eyes (1873), The Trumpet Major (1882), Two on a Tower (1882) and The Well-Beloved. -Novels of ingenuity: Desperate Remedies (1891), The Hand of Ethelberta (1876) and a. Loadicean (1881).
Hardy has published eight books of poetry: Wessex Poems (1898), Poems of the Past and The Present (1902), Time completo Laughingstocks (1909), Satires of circumstance (1914), Moments of Vision (1917), Late Lirics and Earlier (1922), Human Shows (1925) and Winters Words (1928). Posthumously appeared his last volume, Collected Poems (1930), which contains nine hundred poems characterized by its great variety and individuality, in which sixty years of attitudes toward life and destiny are reflected. The most remarkable group of poems is probably, gathering about his first wife.Hardy followed Wordsworth and Browning in his efforts to write in a language close to that of speech and constantly experimented with the rhymes and rhythms, wanting to avoid easy fluency flows.
Most of his more than forty short stories are collected in Wessex Tales (1888), A group of Noble Dames (1891), Life completo Little Ironies (1894) and A Change Man (1913).
In conclusion, suffice it to mention that Hardy wrote two dramas: The Dynasts, consisting of three volumes in which uses loose verse and prose, and Famous Tragedy of the Queen of Cornwall (1923).