Biography of George Harrison (1943-2001)

Guitarist and British composer, Member of the legendary band, The Beatles, born on February 25, 1943 in Wavertree (Liverpool) and died on 30 November 2001 in Los Angeles (California).

Son of Louise Harrison, selling in a market of local power, and Harry Harrison, who worked as a merchant seaman and later as conductor of the bus, George was the youngest of a family of four brothers who lived in a neighborhood of mostly working class. He was a good student and since very young proved to have an independent status. His musical passion woke up to the age of thirteen and was her mother who gave him the first guitar, instrument that could start some notes although he lacked musical training. Declared admirer of the works of Lonnie Donegan, shortly after he got thirty pounds needed to buy an electric guitar and, with her, made her first performance at the "British Legion Club" Spike, accompanied by his brother Peter and three other friends.

In Dovedale primary school, George had agreed for some time with John Lennon , and in 1955 he met the Brothers Michael and Paul McCartney at the Institute. John and Paul were together since 1957 in the musical group The Quarrymen, and in 1958 Harrison joined them. With Stuart Suttcliffe on bass and Pete Best, hired as a drummer, training adopted the name of The Beatles, abandoned the skiffle of its origins by the influences of rock and roll that triumphed in England and, in 1960, began his first tour outside of Liverpool. Already with Ringo Starr on drums, The Beatles released their first single in 1962, Love me do, which attained an extraordinary impact and laid the foundations of a career full of successes, which became legendary band the "Liverpool four".

During the filming of the movie A Hard Day's Night in 1964, the "quiet beatle" nickname with which renamed to George, he met Patricia Anne Boyd, with whom he married on January 21, 1966. The couple settled in a suburb of London.

Passionate about culture and hindu music, Harrison began playing sitar. In a casual meeting in house of actor Peter Sellers met shortly after one of the great masters of this instrument, Ravi Shankar, who became pupil. George and Patti traveled to the India to deepen the learning of hindu culture and in the Asian country found to Shambu Das, to one of the best friends of the British musician eventually.

Harrison was the first of the four members of The Beatles launched his solo career with the Edition in 1968 Wonderwall, original soundtrack for the film of the same name that was placed in the top fifty of the British charts. In May 1969, he presented Electronic Sound, a work prepared with a Moog synthesizer, which had just bought and which penetrated into the field of experimentation. At the end of that year, problems in The Beatles had ceased to be a secret, and disputes between Paul and John, who refused to work together in the composition of the subjects, were apparent. George then began to compose and the group released Something, top British five, number one in the United States and one of the works of reference for contemporary music.

George acted in several concerts with Delaney and Bonnie, and confirmed more or less officially the dissolution of The Beatles, guitarist decided to record their first non-experimental album. For this adventure, surrounded himself with a simply stunning crew: Ringo Starr, Ginger Baker, Billy Preston, Badfinger, and the first public appearance of a mythical group, Derek And The Dominoes, with his friend Eric Clapton. Production ran from the hand of the great Phil Spector and other large, Bob Dylan, composed a couple of issues with Harrison.

The result was released in December of the year 1970 in the form of triple album with the name of All Things Must Pass. The album reached number one in the United States and the top five British and quickly sold more than three million copies worldwide. In January 1971 he was My Sweet Lord, single released that exceeded five million copies sold and was again placed at number one in the world lists, including those of the United Kingdom and the United States. Harrison was the first former beatle who got a number one in the ranking of albums and singles after the dissolution of the group.

The satisfaction for the success was marred by a complaint for plagiarism. Harrison was charged with copying the theme He´s So Fine to The Chiffons and his company had to disburse nearly one hundred million pesetas after resolved the case in the courts. That same year, and at the request of his friend Ravi Shankar, was involved in organizing a benefit concert to raise funds for the victims of the war in Bangladesh. That great event took place in Madison Square Garden, and accompanying guitarist, was attended by his friends, Ringo Starr, Bob Dylan and Eric Clapton. The triple album which collected this event was published in January of the year 1972, was number one in his country and number two on the U.S. charts.

The Concert For Bangladesh was the only record effort of Harrison in a year full of events on a personal level. Patti and George were no longer a happy couple; the guitarist spent free time leaving him music dedicated to meditation with the Hare Krishna, and Patti, who had abandoned his career as model to marry George, recriminaba him his lack of attention. Marriage is separated that year of 1972, shortly after the mother of Harrison died due to a brain tumor and his father's health worsened dramatically.

The next job came in 1973 with the title Living In The Material World, which again reached number one in the United States and number two on the British charts. To finish off his successful musical return, the single Give Me Love (Give Me Peace On Earth) repeated the result of the album on the American charts, while in the United Kingdom, it reached the top ten. In this way, Harrison resumed his musical production, after having collaborated on some works of Nilsson and Ringo Starr.

In 1974, George met Olivia Aria, a Secretary of 27 years who worked at A & M Records, and in June of that year announced the formation of his record label, Dark Horse Records, was premiered by catalogue was to Ravi Shankar. The debut of Harrison with his house of discs was Costafine Town, whose best achievement was to reach the top twenty British in November of that year. In July it announced a tour together with Ravi Shankar and Billy Preston and Dark Horse, published in December album which became fourth in the United States, although in the United Kingdom the disk even entered the charts. In January 1975 he presented the single Ding Dong, top 40 in the UK charts and in October of the following year concluded its contractual relationship with Apple Records, with the album Extra Texture (Read All About It), top ten in the United States and top twenty in the United Kingdom. In December it released a new album, Thirty Three And A Third, who managed to match the result of the previous one in the U.S. market, but in the British single reached the top forty.

The divorce of Patti and George took effect in 1977, and she married Eric Clapton, good friend of Harrison. The own George, along with Macca and Ringo, played at the wedding of the couple. A year later, was born Dhani, the only son of George and Olivia, who a month later they were officially married.

In May of the year 1979 he returned to the record market with the album George Harrison. By then, Liverpool musician had created, along with the American businessman Denis O'Brien, the film production company Handmade Films and his musical career continued reporting successes. Blow Away was another of its major themes, which reached the top twenty lists singles USA. That same year, Monty Python friends spoke to him from the life of Brian, a film project that could not put up due to lack of funding. Harrison and his partner together the money in a complicated operation, which fortunately was beneficial for the producer because the film was a huge success internationally. The rest of the production of Handmade Films sailed in the waters of the independence, with very interesting films and some of them with excellent commercial results. Before closing the Decade, Harrison suffered a severe hepatitis, Olivia insisted they were through alternative medicine.

In 1980, he published his autobiography, I Me Mine, a luxurious bound volume of high quality leather, which were printed two thousand units at the price of some forty thousand pesetas. They say that Lennon was annoyed because it appeared not mentioned once in the book. Months later, John was killed in New York and George dedicated to him All Those Years Ago (a subject in which also played Paul and Ringo), single which reached number two in the United States and since thirteen in his country, included in the album Somewhere In England (which was around the top ten lists on both sides of the Atlantic).

In 1982 Harrison met his first great commercial failure with the album Gone Troppo, not one hundred American entered English lists and not even in the top. Disillusioned with the music business, he spent the next three years involved in his production company film and to build a new home in Australia. In 1985 he appeared in some recording and a concert with old friends like Eric Clapton and Ringo Starr, and until 1987 did not emerge in the market a new album by the musician from Liverpool. It was Cloud Nine, which reached the top ten British, that Got My Mind Set On You, simple that rose to number two in these listings is extracted. The album obtained the same result in the United States, while the single reached number one in January of the year 1988, something extraordinary after more than five years of absence in the U.S. charts. Also in 1988, Harrison embarked on a new adventure, a super group of old glories of rock called The Traveling Wilburys, which shared training alongside the great Roy Orbison, Bob Dylan, Tom Petty and Jeff Lynne, the former leader of the Electric Light Orchestra. They made their debut in late 1988, shortly before that on 7 December of that year, Orbison died of a heart attack. Despite this, the Group met again in 1990 to record a second album, which ultimately was the last of the formation.

In the Decade of the nineties, Harrison was very involved in The Beatles Anthology. In 1997 he was diagnosed with cancer of the larynx, which fortunately was successfully treated. Two years later he announced for 2000 the presentation of a new album, but an unfortunate event cut short his comeback plans. At the end of the month December 1999, Harrison was stabbed at his home in Friar Park by an unbalanced fan; Fortunately, Olivia could hit the aggressor and prevent that attack ended in tragedy. The former beatle was recovered from serious injuries but in 2001 the cancer reappeared in the body of the guitarist, installed this time in the lungs and brain. On 30 November he died in Los Angeles, where he was subjected to cancer treatment. Two months earlier had recorded his latest single Horse to water, a single that helped his son Dhani, and also a score of unpublished songs, which intended to edit on a new album with the title Portrait of a leg end. A year after his death, this work was released renamed as Brainwashed (brainwashing). Precisely one of their songs, "Marwa Blues", was awarded the Grammy to the best performance of pop instrumental at the 46th Edition of these awards, held in February 2004, which was a posthumous recognition for his solo career.