Czech writer, born in 1883 and died in 1923. He achieved international fame with an unfinished work, the adventures of the bravo Schweik sodado during the second World War (1921-23).
He was anarchist and journalist, founder of a party pataphysician, 'match progress moderated in the law box' (1909), cabaret, vagabond and Bohemian artist.
He was born in Prague, where he studied commerce but refused to work in esto, but that he devoted himself to performing humorous collaborations with various newspapers and magazines. He became very soon a public figure because of its implications in political scandals or private (was condemned for its incitement to strike). He married the love of his life, Jarmila Mayerová, but this marriage was not lucky.
Declaring it the first world war, he enlisted volunteer in the Austro-Hungarian army, although in 1916 he joined the Russian side subsequently entering the Czech legion. In 1918 he joined the Bolshevik Party and until 1920 was political Commissioner in Siberia.
At the end of 1920, he returned to Prague to participate in the Organization of the labour movement. The situation in Checoslavaquia was completely different to which he imagined, so, after so many years, he returned to writing. With this idea withdrew to Lipnice, in East Bohemia, accompanied by his second wife, Alexandra Luova - of Russian origin-, hoping to finish the adventures of bravo soldier Schweik. The novel was left unfinished because Hasek died prematurely, as a result of the war and his alcoholism.
His works include more than two thousand articles published under dozens of pseudonyms, many comedies and sketches of Schweik, published in 1962 and largely rejected by scholars, despite their success among readers. Often it has been compared with Rabelais and Cervantes, also with Kafka, with whom she shares, not only the year and place of birth, but also a keen sense of the world. The Czech avant-garde was inspired by it, it come to the forerunner of the literary "collages" and the creator of a narrative language based on the oral tradition of the people.