Biography of King of Marruecos Hassan II (1929-1999)

King of Morocco, born on July 9, 1929 and died in Rabat on 23 July 1999. Absolutist monarch who ruled Morocco for 38 years. Key protagonist of the Green March on the Spanish Sahara. Son of Muhammad XV or V, studied law in France. In 1953 his father was bordered by France because of its nationalism, and Hassan accompanied him in his exile in Corsica and Madagascar. To proclaim the independence of Morocco in 1956, they returned to their country, and Hassan became the most enthusiastic contributor to his father. The following year was appointed Crown Prince and Commander in Chief of the armed forces. In 1960 was Deputy Prime Minister, and in 1961, he was crowned King on the death of his father. Since then, he served in Morocco the absolute power in the name of Allah. Its legitimacy came from their status as Amir muminin, Prince of the believers, and this comes from the fact of being the thirty fifth direct descendant of Muhammad. Panarabista manifested itself in its foreign policy and created the great Maghreb, comprising Tunisia, Algeria and Morocco, despite the conflicts with its neighboring countries.

It always was before their partners as a great seducer, possessor of a vast culture. His country sought to address a social democracy that will facilitate the development of the country, without neglecting the religious sense of the people at any time. His position was not well understood by his subjects more nationalist and religious. Before all of them showed Alternatively, as a comprehensive parent and absolute King. His modernization policy brought the first Constitution of the country, in 1962, followed by two more liberal, in 1970 and 1972.

His figure was clearly strengthened after the success of the so-called Green March on the Western Sahara, whose objective was to force negotiations on the Spanish Sahara, negotiation that materialized in the tripartite agreement of Madrid of November 1975, by which this territory went to Morocco and Mauritania the following year. Since then, he has had ongoing clashes with the Frente Polisario, which did not accept the agreement of Madrid and established, in 1976, the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. In 1984, in their attempt to not lose the domain in the Maghreb, he signed a union agreement with Libya, which two years later decided to break unilaterally. In 1991, and to a future referendum on self-determination, it enacted a broad amnesty for all the Saharans detained in Morocco or exiled in Algeria. On 29 April of the same year, the Organization of the United Nations (UN), approved the self-determination of Western Sahara. His reign, therefore it has been dotted with virulent events, both internal and external, which has always done gracefully, so all have ended up believing that, in fact, had the baraka, i.e. permanent relief that Allah grants his chosen. The continuity of the dynasty was ensured by their offspring. On his death, which occurred on July 23, 1999, succeeded his son Sidi Mohamed, with the name of Mohamed VI.