Biography of Johann Adolf o "Il caro Sassone" Hasse (1699-1783)

Famous German composer, known in Italy as Il caro Sassone, born in 1699, died in 1783. Pupil of Porpora and Scarlati, Member of a family of Organists. He was a tenor in the Opera of Hamburg and Braunschweig, where he is presented as a composer in 1721 with Antiochus. In 1922 was a pupil of Porpora and Scarlatti in Naples, a city that had several successes between 1726 and 1729. He was maestro di cappella of the Duke of Brunswick and in 1727 at the Conservatory deglo Incurabili of Venice, where he wrote his Miserere, which simultaneously was supernumerary master of the Royal Chapel of Naples. After several performances in Italy, in 1731 it triumphed in Dresden with Cleofide, which provided him with being appointed maestro di cappella of the King of Poland and elector of Saxony. From then began a fruitful, for nearly thirty years, in its production period. For the Dresden Court wrote a series of Roman cantatas and Church of the Court several oratorios and numerous religious works. But its commitments in Dresden not limited submissions in other scenarios, mainly from Italy. He was one of the most popular composers of his time and the fullness of the opera of late Neapolitan style is embodied in it. In its operating series surpassed his contemporaries and for forty years it remained faithful to his style.

During the bombing of Dresden in 1760, a fire at his home destroyed his complete works, ready to be recorded. The death of the elector of Saxony (1763) made that Hasse was dismissed without pension and that same year was established in Vienna after interpreting his Requiem. In this city he composed several works commissioned by the Court. In their latest creations tried new musical forms and his opera Piramo e Tisbe (1768) was an attempt of adherence to the reform of Gluck. His main works are: Antigonus; Sesostrato; Attalus, King of Bithynia; Artaxerxes; Arminius; Cayo Fabricio; Demetrio; Alejandro in the India, Cato at Utica; Eurystheus; Atalanta; The clemency of Titus; Alfonso; Irene; Demetrio; Numa Pompilius; Dido abandoned; The Spartan, Semiramis; Demophon; Ipermnestra; Soliman; Adriano in Syria; Artemis; The Olympiad; The triumph of Clelia; Egeria; Siroe; Zenobia; Romulus and Ersilia, Pyramus and Thisbe; Partenope; Rogerio, operas; The virtue at the foot of the cross; The fall of Jericho; Magdalena; The song of the three young men; The conversion of San Agustín; José recognized; The penance of San Pedro; Santa Elena at Calvary; oratorios; and a multitude of pieces of instrumental music and church music.