Biography of Henry Hathaway (1898-1985)

Director, actor and producer of American cinema born in Sacramento (California. United States) on March 13, 1898 and died in Los Angeles on February 11, 1985. His real name was Henri Leonard de Fiennes.

Born in the bosom of a family related to the world of the show (his mother was actress and his father representative), from very small took part in a series of films directed by Allan Dwan and Frank Lloyd, work that was interrupted during the first world war. From 1923 got to climb some steps in several studies as Assistant Director Victor Fleming (To the last man, 1923;) Fancy flower, 1926; etc.), William K. Howard (the damn Horde, 1925; The brides of a Bachelor, 1926) and then in the bosom of the Paramount Famous Lasky Corporation with Joseph von Sternberg (the law of the underworld, 1927; The last order, 1928) who learned a lot, especially when they rolled the express of Shanghai (1932) and Morocco (1930).

Ten years beside such important directors served to take the step towards the direction. The Paramount was who allowed him to take on the new challenge using the novels of Zane Grey and the pull of the actor Randolph Scott in the first thirty years, which was filmed with the actor eight westerns such as the legacy of the steppe (1932), the man of the forest (1933), the damn Horde (1933) and the last rodeo (1934).

Their recognition came immediately with a series of films played by Gary Cooper. With now and always (1934), addressed the issue of adoption and the relationship between a father and his daughter (Shirley Temple); He continued with a colonial history (three Bengali Lancers, 1935), with which was one of the biggest hits of the Decade and his career; I embroidered one of his best romantic stories in dream of eternal love (1935), history built (on the novel Peter Ibbetson's George du Maurier) with a great skill in narrative plunging the viewer into a level of unreality that pierced the time and space; and confirmed his lengthy journey with souls at sea (1937), an adventure on the business of the slaves, and the jungle in arms (1939), another story that emerged with great force in a framework in which British, filipinos and Americans face.

The effectiveness of the work of Hathaway benefited his career and confirmed the contribution of actors who took part in his films. He was a director he found it impossible to move only in a genre. It showed, from the 1940s, that he was capable of the most disparate commitments and make them works under which the effectiveness of the show was guaranteed. The colonialist path continued it when it dies the day (1941); the universe of the western provided suggestive stories such as The shepherd of the hills (1941), with a John Wayne that became one of the most characteristic of his filmography faces; film noir produced by 20th Century-Fox was one of his best contributions, Johnny Apollo (1940), with a documentary aesthetic which continued in films police atmosphere as the home of the 92 Street (1945) and 13 rue Madeleine (1946), uneven result, but that allowed him to show a unique skyline and a dose of anything current violence that consolidated in other titles as wrapped in the shadow (1946)The kiss of death (1947) and I believe in you (1948), for which they had faces such as those of Tyrone Power, James Cagney, James Stewart, Richard Widmark, Victor Mature and Richard Conte.

Hathaway strengthened its position in the 20th Century Fox in the 1950s. It could thus undertake interesting projects like Rommel, the Fox of desert (1951), with James Mason, or Niagara (1953), with an excellent role of Marilyn Monroe, where the landscape is a conditioning factor in the dramatic development of the story. However, it was an era in which Hathaway got strengthen an effective picture of the western with solid bets in which they both had to see Tyrone Power (mail from hell, 1950), as Gary Cooper (the garden of the devil, 1954), both with the participation of Susan Hayward, and, especially, John Wayne, who was the star of several films: Alaska, land of gold (1960)The four sons of Katie Elder (1965; perhaps his best story) or value of law (1969). Ultimately, Hathaway worked on scenarios and characters who acquired a very special strength in the development of the story (camera traps with life-sensitivity to what happens: knows how to use time and space in environments that cover the most diverse faces, more complex beings and more aggressive frames), effectively moving the expressive resources of other genres already grown by it.

In the last stage of his career, he participated in the conquest of the West (1962), overproduction in Cinerama, which he directed with John Ford and George Marshall, and in the production of Samuel Bronston he filmed in Spain, the fabulous world of the circus (1964).

Hathaway was, without a doubt, one of the most forgotten of the Hollywood classic, possibly because his career was very diverse and not stressed with a volume of movies that will particularly impact on the contemporary Viewer. However, their productions confirmed its worth as an effective craftsman who knew risk always (in the bosom of the great study) and reach high levels from simplicity.

They were numerous films that received nominations to the Oscar of the Academy, but only three Bengali Lancers (to address helpers), wolves of the North (special effects), House of the 92 Street (to the argument), the conquest of the West (to the script, Assembly and sound) and value of law (to the actor, John Wayne) reached the prize.


As a director

1932: The legacy of the steppe; Wild horse mesa. 1933: The passage of sunset; It was written; The man of the forest; To the last man; Damn Horde. 1934: The last rodeo; Will slave; Come on marines!; Now and forever. 1935: Three Bengali Lancers; Dream of eternal love. 1936: The trail of the lonesome pine; Go west, young man. 1937: Souls at sea (and producer). 1938: Wolves of the North. 1939: The jungle in weapons. 1940: Johnny Apollo; Brigham young-frontiersman. 1941: The shepeherd of the hills; When dies the day. 1942: Ten heroes of West Point; Hell on Earth. 1944: Wing and a prayer; Home in Indiana. 1945: Nob hill; The House of the 92 Street. 1946: Wrapped in the shade; 13 rue Madeleine. 1947: The kiss of death. 1948: I believe in you. 1949: The demon of the sea. 1950: The black rose; Mail from hell. 1951: 14 hours; You're in the navy now; Rommel, the Desert Fox. 1952: Mail diplomat; Four pages of life (episode the clarion call). 1953: Niagara; The White Witch. 1954: The courageous Prince; The garden of the devil; Fearless men. 1956: Barriers of pride; 23 steps away from Baker Street. 1957: Arenas of death (and producer). 1958: Texas hell. 1959: The obsessed woman. 1960: Seven thieves; Alaska, land of gold (and producer). 1962: The conquest of the West (three episodes: the Ohio Valley;) The gold rush; The time of the outcasts). 1964: the fabulous world of the circus. 1965: The four sons of Katie Elder. 1966: Nevada Smith (and producer). 1967: The last safari (and producer). 1968: The poker of death. 1969: Value of law. 1971: Command in the desert; Circle of fire. 1974: Criminal blackmail.

As Assistant Director

1923: The spoilers; To the last man. 1924: Border legion; The heritage of the desert. 1925: Wild hunting; The damn Horde (second unit); Ben-Hur. 1926: Whim flower; A Bachelor brides; Love in the West. 1927: Hula; The law of the underworld (second unit). 1928: The last command; The sinner angel; Mining revenge. 1929: The passage of sunset; The song of the Wolf; The virginian; Thunderbolt. 1930: Seven days of permission; Gold and blood; All a man; Morocco (second unit). 1932: The Shanghai Express.