Biography of Johann Peter Hebel (1760-1826)

German writer, born in Basel in 1760 and died in Schwetzingen in 1826.

It was his father at the age of two years and with thirteen lost their mother, so thanks to some patrons it was able to study first at the "illustrious Karlsruhe Institute" and later in the Faculty of theology in Erlangen. In 1780, he began to exercise as a preceptor and pastor and, from 1783, as a teacher at the Seminary of Lörrach. In 1791 he achieved the degree of subdeacon at the Institute of Karlsruhe, he was appointed Professor in 1798. For the services they provided to the cause of the unification of the Lutheran Church and the reformed in Baden, obtained in 1821 the title of Doctor Honoris cause from the Faculty of theology in Heidelberg.

In 1803 he published his Alemannische Gedichte (Germanic poems), whose second edition was reviewed very positively by Goethe; these compositions, characterised by its popular tone and the use of dialectal language, earned the admiration of public and literary figures and became one of the most significant writers of the time. In 1807, he accepted the wording of the Protestant magazine Der Rheinländische Hausfreund (Rhenish friend) which went through a period of severe economic difficulties. The intention of the magazine was, fundamentally, inciting reflection and entertain and illustrate following the guidelines of a Christian humanity, so in 1811, Hebbel published a slightly revised version of their anecdotes and short stories under the title Schatzkästlein des Rheinischen Hausfreundes (treasure of the Rhenish friend box), texts which enjoyed an unexpected success, and today continue to be model of the short prose genres.