German writer born in Düsseldorf in 1797 and died in Paris on February 17, 1856. His parents were rich merchants and Jewish bankers. He tried to engage in business but it failed in the attempt. She felt sympathy for France and antipathy to Prussia. He studied law, philosophy and literature in the city of Bonn; He attended the classes of Schlegel. He went to study at the University of Berlin; There he met Hegel, Schleiermacher and Chamisso. In 1817 he had already written his first poems, but not published until 1822, under the influence of Byron and Fouque, although they originality can be seen in the style of lyric Intermezzo, 1823, noted for its melodic. He adopted the name of Heinrich when it was converted to the Evangelical religion, instead of using yours, Harry. In the University of Gottinga he received his doctorate in laws in 1815. Fame came with the publication of pictures of travel, 1826-31, lyrical stories that treat a wide range of fantastic and moral issues, using an alleged travel journal. Following a trip to England he began to be interested in politics. In 1827 he published a book of songs, where met his poems. After travelling around Italy, he published the third volume of pictures of travel, 1829 and Florentine nights, years later in 1836.
He moved to France, where the society was more free, and there met other migrants, such as Humboldt, Lasalle and Wagner; He also befriended Balzac, Hugo, Musset, and Sand. Sansimonista clear influence is the history of religion and philosophy in Germany, 1835 and romantic school, 1833-36. From France he collaborated with German magazines and wrote reports on the German situation, in French. In 1835 the work of Heine was completely censored in Germany; the French Government helped him economically despite its criticisms of Luis Felipe. Whole political period there are four volumes with the name of Salon, 1834-40, where fragments of the memory of the Lord of Schnabelewopski novel and the Rabbi of Bacharach. Replied to criticisms of his contemporaries in Heine on L. Börne, 1840 and the literati and politicians from the poem Atta Troll. Ein Sommernachtstraum 1843. He made a small trip to Germany and satire in verse Germany, winter's tale, 1844, where it was the influence of his friend Karl Marx emerged from this journey. He suffered a terrible disease, progressive muscular atrophy, and had to keep bed for eight years; from this period are his ballad poems, 1851, of deep religious and ethical seriousness. In 1854 he published several writings, lectures on Judaism and Christianity. Author of style and progressive ideas, was negatively tried by Kraus and Croce and exalted by Nietzsche, Mann and Brecht.