Biography of Gulbuddin Hekmatyar (1947-VVVV)

Politician and Afghan military, born in Baghlan province (Afghanistan). He was Prime Minister between 1993 and 1994, and later in 1996.

Gulbuddin Hehmatyar was born into a family belonging to the pashtun ethnic group. In 1970, while he was studying engineering at the University of Kabul, began to get involved in politics. At the beginning of the 1970s, he joined the moderate Islamic Party (Jamiat-i-Islami). After the coup that ended the monarchy of Zahir Shah, he fled to Pakistan where, with the clandestine help of the pakistani Government, he organized a group of mercenary guerrillas with which fight to overthrow the Government of Daoud Khan.

In 1976, he broke away from the moderate Islamic party and founded the Islamic Party (Hîzbî Islami), which sought to establish an Islamic Republic in Afghanistan. During the Soviet occupation, Hekmatyar remained leader of his party, which fought on numerous occasions with the troops of the Soviet Union. Following the withdrawal of the Soviet Union from Afghanistan, the civil war continued until the fall of the Communist regime in 1992. In that year, Hekmatyar in collaboration with other guerrilla groups agreed to establish an interim Government, with Burhanuddin Rabbani as provisional President. In December 1992, a special Assembly confirmed in power, by vote, to President Rabbani for a period of two years. Despite this decision, the fight continued among the guerrilla groups.

On June 17, 1993, Hekmatyar was named Prime Minister. On September 27 of that same year, the leaders of the guerrillas decided to create a provisional Constitution, which would be effective until the 1994 elections. But in January of that year, Hekmatyar resigned and began fighting in Kabul between supporters of President Rabbani, and the former Prime Minister, supported by general Dostum followers troops. At the end of June 1994, the fighting had spread to other parts of Afghanistan and had died more than 2,500 people.

In May 1996, Hekmatyar signed a peace treaty with Rabbani, forced both to join forces to combat the growing power of the Taliban. A month later he returned to be named Prime Minister, but the Taliban take the capital, Kabul, had to settle in the North of the country, where he held an alliance with general Dostum and Rabbani troops.

Bibliography

The Geneva agreements: agreements on the settlement of the situation with regard to the Afghanistan. New York, United Nations, 1988.

EAT, M. Afghanistan. Madrid, information and history, 1995.

MARTIN DORSET, M. Afghanistan, inside a rebel stronghold: journeys with the Mujahiddin. Bilbao, Grijelmo, 1984.

SCG