Biography of Hesíodo (s. VIII-VII a.C.)

Greek poet, possibly born in Ascra, Boeotia. He was a poet after Homer and is regarded as the most ancient writer that we have news. He lived on the family farm that his father left him. Only on one occasion, he left his native land to travel to a poetry contest in Calcides, in Euboea. His mother tongue was the wind dialect, but adopted for his work the Greek, which had been raised by Homer to literary category. He made the first attempt to systematize the mythical-religious heritage in his Theogony, a poem of 1,022 hexametros. This tells the origin of the world and the gods: Gea is the land; Uranus the sky; Pontus sea, etc. The works and days, poem in 828 hexametros, it's about agriculture, navigation and justice. Through myths and Fables, it showed that salvation lies in the work, in the righteousness of the faith supported by Zeus. The work gives dignity to man. The works are a source of knowledge of the social conditions of the ancient Greece and are the first sign of a pedantic poem. He is credited with the work: catalogue of women, legends about women loved by the gods, of which few fragments are preserved. Another important work is the shield, poem in 480 hexametros, where tells of Heracles fighting the Bandit Cycnus.