Biography of Charlton Heston (1924-2008)

Film actor American, born in Evanston (Illinois) on October 4, 1924 and passed away on April 5, 2008, in Beverly Hills, California. His real name was John Charles Carter.

Life

Its origins were humble. Grew up in a St. Helen, Michigan, a small village, but then usual to attend college and study art dramatic at Northwestern University. Their theatre before turning to cinema training was Shakespearean one hundred per cent, as well as an important cultural level, what surprises some who have criticized him for its relations with the conservative circles of the United States. After his college years he worked in radio and the theatre, moment in which surprised the second world war. He was appointed to the Aleutian Islands and there served in the air force.

Finish the war returned to the theater, where he directed many works, especially in North Carolina, and from there went to circuits most famous and popular, such as New York, until reaching Broadway. At the same time, he started his cinematographic activity initially as an amateur, joining in the filming of movies with no commercial format, but that served to make themselves known to a broader public sector.

An adaptation of the work of the playwright Ibsenstarred in Peer Gynt (1941), of David Bradley. This and other actions made that Paramount decided to hire him and include him in the city cast in shadows (1950), by William Dieterle, what should be considered as his debut in the commercial film.

The director Cecil B. de Mille soon noticed the young actor, who was considered very photogenic, with certain air of epic and very respectful with the indications given. Thus he joined films high budget and great reception at the box office, as the greatest show on Earth (1952), his own Mille, which stepped in as director of the circus track. Two years later reached a remarkable recognition with its actions in an acceptable adventure movie, when it the naked jungle, by Byron Haskin, which also introduced an intelligent erotic content in more or less subliminal way.

However, it was in 1956 when came the massive recognition and the time which came to form part of Hollywood stardom, from its role as Moses in the ten commandments. The opportunity came from the hand of Cecil B. de Mille, who rolled his second version on the subject and the film that became a mammoth blockbuster, both by its cast and their scenarios. Heston was the main protagonist and from that moment can be that entered in the circle of the great, where he was able to keep. Aside from the impact which had its image, Heston was an actor who has known the intricacies of the film perfectly and has been able to distinguish the good from the bad. He gave samples of this when thanks to Orson Welles could finish his police thirst of evil (1958), with Heston turned into a police officer Mexican who is confronted with the American inspector who embodied the own Welles.

At the end of the 1950s, William Wyler gave him another momentous roles of his career. Heston was Judá Ben-Hur, the second adaptation of the novel he wrote the general Lew Wallace. Ben-Hur is another great show, with great cinematic moments film, which won the greater harvest of awards of the Academy of cinema, including that of Best Actor actor for Charlton Heston.

Producer Samuel Bronston, who for several years became the surroundings of Madrid in a small Hollywood (because they took advantage of propagandistic coverage that is offered and the low costs of productions in Spain for the American capital), called him to star in El Cid (1961), with direction by Anthony Mann, an adaptation to American conceptions of the wanderings of the Castilian hero, although conceived with western technique, wouldn't have some dignity. For the same producer will work two years later in 55 days at Peking (1963), in a film signed by Nicholas Ray.

Another of the highlights of the actor was his role of astronaut Taylor in planet of the apes (1967), Franklin J. Schaffner, film that constituted the beginning of a series of films on the topic - the best was this-, and that became a point of reference for scientific fiction of modern cinematography. Schaffner, who two years before had rolled with him an excellent work on the middle ages, the Lord of war (1965), was delighted with the work of the actor.

Heston also directed film. His career in this aspect has not been as bright as the actor, although he has been able to show in their few speeches as a director that his proposals were ambitious from the cultural point of view and, although it has been irregular, did not demonstrate that it was someone who knew thoroughly cinematic activity. His films as a director include Marco Antonio and Cleopatra (1973), shot in Spain with very little budget, and the adventure movie titled challenge deep (1982).

In 1966, was appointed President of the Union of actors from the screen and the American Film Institute, until 1971. In 1998 President of the National Association of arms (NRA), institution that advocates the free possession of firearms, to which resigned in 2003. That year he was awarded the Presidential Medal of freedom, the highest honor in the country. In 2002 he appeared in the Michael Moore documentary ' Bowling for Columbine', which included a controversial interview with Heston on the possession of firearms in the United States. In 2003, he stated that he suffered from the Alzheimer's-like symptoms.

His private life was the most striking within the promiscuous environment of Hollywood, as only married once, to Lydia Clar, actress, and the couple formed with she was flagship for his faithfulness. They had a son, Fraser, who has done film, but with much less resonance than his father.

Charlton Heston was one of the players who best knew how to embody the concept of the hero in the film. He took the most a great physicist, and also brought a style of interpretation which, although limited, has been well suited to the kind of roles that represented and which gave it popularity. None like him was able to embody historical papers, those who knew surround with a special aura. So was Miguel Ángel, El Cid, astronaut lost in an advanced official cavalry and gunman of the western culture of apes. He was a player that even his detractors kept respect.

Filmography

1941: Peer Gynt.1949: Julius.1950: the greatest show in the world; Sombras.1952 City: savage; Passion under the niebla.1953: bonfire of hatred; The marked Lady; The triumph of Buffalo Bill; Bad For Each.1954: the secret of the incas; When the marabunta.1955 roars: the private wholesale Benson war; Blue horizons; Pride against orgullo.1956: violent men; The ten mandamientos.1958: the Buccaneers; Thirst for evil; Horizons of grandeza.1959: Ben-Hur; Mystery on the ship perdido.1961: the Cid.1962: the Lord of Hawaii; Adventure in Roma.1963: 55 days in pekin.1964: wholesale Dundee.1965: the greatest story ever told; The Lord of the war; The torment and the extasis.1966: Kartum.1967: A Tomb to the amanecer.1968: the planet of the apes; Will Penny, the wildest among mil.1969: uno.1970 number: the murder of Julio César; The Hawaiians; Return to the planet of the simios.1971: the last man vivo.1972: alarm, flight 502 kidnapped; Marco Antonio and Cleopatra (director and screenwriter); The jungle blanca.1973: the three Musketeers; When the target us alcance.1974: the four Musketeers; Airport 1975; Terremoto.1975: Won Ton Ton; The Dog Who Saved Hollywood.1976: the battle of Midway: the last hard men; Panic in the stadium; America at the Movies (Narrator). 1977: red alert: Neptune hundido.1978: the Prince and the mendigo.1979: the Valley of the furia.1980: the despertar.1982: challenge in the depths (and Manager). 1985: The Fantasy Film Worlds of George Pal.1986: Directed by William Wyler (and director). 1989: Call from Space (voice). 1990: almost an angel (uncredited); Solar Crisis.1993: Tombstone, Wyatt Earp legend; Wayne completo 2.1994 World: A Century of Cinema; True lies; At the mouth of the miedo.1996: Alaska; Lord Protector (voice); Ben Johnson: Third Cowboy on the Right; Hamlet; Hercules (storyteller). 1997: Alaska: Spirit of the Wild (vocals). 1998: Illusion Infinity; Gideon completo Webb; Armageddon.1999: Toscano; Town and Country; Any Given Sunday.2001: The Order 2002: Pope Rua Alguem 5555

Works for television:

1949: Suspicion ("Suspense" episode); Of Human Bondage (episode of "Studio One"). 1950: Danger; Taming of the Shrew (episode of "Studio One"); Hear My Heart Speak ("The Philco Television Playhouse" episode). 1951: Santa Fe Flight (episode of "Suspense"); Macbeth (episode of "Studio One"). 1953: Elegy ("The Philco Television Playhouse" episode); A Day in Town (episode of "Medallion Theatre"). 1956: Forbidden Area (episode of "60 Playhouse"). 1958: Beauty and the Beast (episode "Shirley Temple completo Storybook"). 1961: The Fugitive Eye (episode of "Alcoa Premiere"). 1965: F.D.R. (series; voice). 1968: Elizabeth the Queen. 1978: Guest (episode of ' America 2-Night '). 1982: The 10th American Film Institute Life Achievement Award: A Salute to Frank Capra. 1983: Chiefs (series). 1984: Nairobi Affair. 1985-86: Dynasty (series). 1985: Los Colby (series). 1987: Proud Men. 1988: A Man for all Seasons (and Manager). 1989: Original Sin.1990: The Little Kidnappers; The Hollywood Road to Oz; The treasure island. 1991: The Crucifer of Blood.1992: Crash Landing: The product of Flight 232. 1993: The Bold and the Beautiful (series). 1994: Texas (Narrator); Avalon (episode of "SeaQuest DSV")...1995: The Avening Angel.1997: I Am Your Child; Big Guns Talk: The Story of the Western; Dam (episode of "Space Ghost Coast to Coast"). 1998: AFI s 100 Years... 100 Movies; The One with Joey completo Dirty Day (episode of "Friends").