Biography of Bartolomé Hidalgo de Agüero (1531-1597)

Spanish doctor who was born in Seville in 1531, and died in the same city in 1597.

The life of Hidalgo de Agüero was spent entirely in the city of Seville. It was born, made its studies and practiced his profession, in good part as a surgeon at the Hospital of the cardinal. The reaction against the enamel doctrine of "laudable pus" and consequent emollient cures the wounds had been raised already in former times. However, it was during the 16th century when it was subjected to criticism in depth, one of whose major manifestations was the "via desiccant particularly" Hidalgo. Exposed it for the first time in a printed statement entitled special notices of syrurgia against the common opinion (1584), whose text was included, along with his other writings, in the Thesoro of the real surgery volume and via Particular against the communal (1604), edited by his son-in-law feel years after his death.

The "particular" way consisted of mainly "first desiccant intent" healing of the wounds in general, both as contusas incised. He/She opposed the "common way (that) cure damping with medicines and use of hands and instruments of iron". Hidalgo stressed repeatedly its novelty, stating that "the ancients did not find it", although it tried to find its antecedents in some texts of Galen.

Special interest has the form in which the Seville surgeon showed the advantages of their method to traditional healing. Argued so his experience during two decades at the Hospital of the Cardinal and you even compare the results of both numerical procedures to database, which is one of the earliest attempts to use of hospital statistics: "certain is this via private - claims - which we call first desiccant intention, with respect to the common pathway and second intention moisturizer... and this can not understand it", if it is not who was curious in one and another way, having cured and no little time on both and has seen profits and damage of both dry and wet roads. And I can say as a witness of vista that I've cured most of twenty years, and had public places as it is the Cardinal's Hospital of Seville and others, and much study, and student competition; and seen the uncomfortable and damage and exercised the particular in the same order than the common, and I have found such large profits that have forced me, not only to exercise it, but also to communicate it... I did regular by the book of the Hospital of the Cardinal, seat injured, and has been that of thousand five hundred and eighty-three years, last year they entered four hundred and fifty-six and died twenty. And in two and a half months I did settle of head injured, entered fifty-seven, and came out healthy fifty and killed seven. "And over the years my predecessors have healed and I by the common, is more of the dead than of the living."

On the basis of the "via particular", Hidalgo was considered inappropriate that it is trepanase or legrase in the vast majority of head wounds. Both his healing method and is contrary to the cranial interventions attitude was maintained by his disciples and followers, which include some of the best Spanish Surgeons of the first decades of the 17TH century. Especially excels Pedro López de León and with less height, Enrique Vaca Alfaro and Gago Pedro Vadillo. At the end of the 16th century, opposition to the theories of Hidalgo was led by Juan Fragoso.

The writings of Hidalgo gathered at the Thesoro deal, moreover, common issues in the surgical literature of the time. The required studies on wounds, ulcers and "remedy" or tumors, as well as fractures and dislocations are. In the latter - one of the best shows on the subject published in the Spain of the time - the Sevillian surgeon shows in general contrary to the use of apparatus for reducing dislocations, and even of splints for treatment of fractures. It defends a moderate attitude in the use of purging and bloodletting, and includes a repertoire of medicines or "antidotary" and chapters and short treatises on syphilis and the plague, the "tabadillo", the "drowsiness". Worthy of mention anatomical texts, especially the Anatome of the human body and the case study of the history of the eye. Both correspond to morphological knowledge based on dissection - which was practiced by Hidalgo - and are posvesaliana orientation.

Bibliography

Sources

Notices of individuals of syrurgia against the common opinion, statement printed double column, year and place of publication, although it is known that it was in Seville the year 1584. Recently, Esteban Torre has located a copy of the same in the Municipal Archives of Seville. Thesoro the real surgery and particularly against the common, F. Pérez, 1604. It was reissued in Barcelona (1624) and Valencia (1654).

Studies

ROURE, g.: Bibliography of Bartolomé Hidalgo de Agüero, examination of his works and historical studies about the treatment of the wounds of the head from Hippocrates to our days, IMP. I. of Egaña, 1862.GRANJEL, Luis S.: Bartolomé Hidalgo de Agüero, Madrid, 1956.castano ALMENDRAL, Alfonso A.: the surgical work of Bartolomé Hidalgo de Agüero, Salamanca, history of medicine, 1959.TORRE, Esteban seminar: "the 'conclusions' Dr. Estrada in Madrid, against 'Special notices' the doctor Hidalgo de Agüero, Seville" Asclepius, 30-31 (1978-1979), 389-401.

José María López Piñero