Biography of Elvira de Hidalgo (1891-1980)

Spanish soprano born in Valderrobles (Teruel) December 28, 1891 and died in Milan on January 21, 1980. It was known around the world for being the teacher of the famous María Callas and, previously, a brilliant actress and opera singer. It belonged to a great generation of Spanish coloratura sopranos who created school and which also included the Catalan Josefina Huguet - the earliest representative, María Barrientos and Graciela Pareto. Elvira de Hidalgo had a chime for striking warmth and purity, which however was very versatile in the highest grades. For serious records, he used the old method of chest, consisting in giving priority to the resonances of the thoracic cavity above the facial. In his role as actress, it is remembered mostly by the masterful interpretation of Rosina in the Barber of Seville.

He studied music at the Conservatory of the Barcelona Liceo, where his family had moved when he was a child. In 1908 was awarded a scholarship to continue studying in Milan, with the light outside Melchor Vidal. That same year had the opportunity to debut with the Barber at the Teatro San Carlos in Naples, and not wasted, since in a very short time he managed to recognition and fame. In 1909 he played back to Rosina in Paris, Monte-Carlo, Prague and Cairo. In 1910 made his presentation in different European and American venues: Metropolitan of New York, Baltimore, Vienna Staatsoper, Teatro la Pergola in Florence and the Constanzi of Rome. In addition to Rosina, highlighted by his characters of Amina in La Sonnambula and Zerlina in Don Giovanni. In 1911 he returned to Spain to debut at the Liceo, where repeated the following year, and then at the Teatro Real in Madrid. Some time later, the composer Pietro Mascagni hired her to perform at Mignon and Dinorah in Rome, and in 1916 came the moment of arising at la Scala to commemorate the centenary of the Barber of Seville, next to Ricardo Stracciari. Years later he would repeat triumph in this scenario and the same work.

In the early 1920s it was already a fully consecrated singer; the best theaters in the world required his presence; Thus, during the season 1922-23 acted again in Italy, in New York, in Buenos Aires, at the Lyceum and at the Theatre Royal, in a Rigoletto with Miguel Fleta. From 1925 his appearances on stage were less common, until in 1936 he retired definitively to devote himself to teaching. He moved to Athens, and in his Conservatory gave classes to María Callas during the years of the world war. She taught him all the secrets of bel canto and good interpretation, and not only was your teacher, but also his advisor and friend throughout the complicated career of the Greek. After Athens, he was the Chair of singing at the Conservatory of Ankara. In 1959 he settled in Milan, where he lived until his death.