Austrian-born German politician, one of the main characters of the 20th century, by his idea of building the German Empire in Europe, history which triggered a global conflict whose consequences have marked most recent on the European continent.
The son of an Austrian customs, was born in Braunau am Inn, on April 20, 1889. Orphan since adolescence, he worked as a painter decorator in Vienna and Munich. During the first world war, he participated as a volunteer of a Bavarian Regiment, he was wounded at the battle of the Somme, in 1916, and concluded the war decorated with the Iron Cross and an eye ailment caused by gases, during the battle of Ypres. In 1919, he joined the German labour party, later called National Socialist Workers Party, of which he was its leader from 1921. Allied with Erich Ludendorff, general German architect of some of the most brilliant German victories during the first world war, organized in 1923, a revolutionary movement in Munich against the Weimar Republic. Sentenced to five years in prison for his unsuccessful coup attempt, a year later left amnestied the prison of Landsberg, where he had worked in the writing of his work my struggle, in which exposes its political principles, and which contributed to the victory of their ideology. Released, he reorganized the National Socialist Party. Nazism continued spreading and gaining cohesion and discipline thanks to the collaboration of Goering and Röhm. In 1928, managed to send deputies to the Reichstag, and in 1932, twelve two hundred, which descended to hundred ninety and five in November of the same year. Given their status as Austrian, Hitler not could pretend to assume any post in Germany, but in 1932, the Government of the German State of Braunschweig, by virtue of the freedoms you attached the Weimar Constitution, gave Hitler the German nationality.
After the fall of the Schleicher Chancellor, forced to resign by his attempts to disengage the nazi party, Hitler was appointed Chancellor by President Hindenburg in 1933. And in the elections of the same year, he obtained an absolute majority. He later sought Parliament, gathered for that purpose, absolute powers for four years. After the death of Hindenburg, Fuhrer of the German Reich proclaimed and established the dictatorship. His authoritarian and despotic, political system then reached its peak. The parliamentary system of the Weimar Republic was dissolved, were they banned political parties, ended with the freedom of expression, civil rights and equality of citizenship have been suppressed, and was established the leadership. In four years, Hitler the nazi State became a powerful diplomatic and military machine that violated almost all the terms of the Treaty of Versailles, signed on 28 June 1919 between the allies and Germany and that ended the first world war. Eliminated all opposition, even within his party, with actions such as the massacre of the Röhm group in the well known "night of the long knives", Hitler turned to the extermination of the Jews and to prepare for war. In October 1933, Germany withdrew from the League of Nations, and after reset, Rhineland, Austria and Bohemia-moravie was annexed. On May 22, 1939, he signed an alliance with Italy, by which both sides committed themselves to assist one another in the event of war. In August, was signed the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, agreement of non-aggression side, which gave Hitler the security of not having to fight on two fronts. Concluded its work of covenants, I just needed a pretext to launch the powerful German war machine. The claims raised on Danzing and the Polish corridor, which separated the East Prussia from the rest of Germany, were the trigger of World War II.
Between 1939 and 1942, Hitler had continued successes, occupied Denmark, Norway, France, and attacked the Soviet Union; but from 1942 began their military failure. In July 1944, he was wounded in the attack in Rastemburg, organized by some of their general discontent. Later, he ignored several attempts at negotiations proposed by Goering and Himmler, and before the Russian advance, returned to Berlin. Here formed his new Government presided over by Admiral Doenizt, whom his successor named. While the Soviet and allied armies besieging Berlin, Hitler lived his last days, alternating bouts of anger with unworkable and contradictory orders. On April 30, 1945 he committed suicide together with Eva Braun, his wife, in the cellars of the Palace of the German Chancellery. Eleven years later, the Court of Berchtesgaden, Hitler's official residence, extended his death certificate. Mein Kampf was published the second volume of his work in 1962.