Biography of David Hockney (1937-VVVV)

English painter, one of the creators of Pop Art, born July 9, 1937 in Bradford. From 1953 to 1957 he/she studied at the art school of his hometown, and between 1959 and 1952, in the Royal College of Art in London. He/She had as classmates to r. B. Kitaj and other founders of the English Pop movement. The influence of the first made him fear that its subject matter was fairly literary and extract its subjects more interesting of everyday life for him: his homosexuality, largely assumed by his readings of the works of Walt Whitman. In these years he/she saw in London the work of the American Abstract Expressionists and the major exhibition of Picasso at the Tate Gallery. This what interests him most is its versatility: in 1962, were presented at the exhibition young contemporary four works by Hockney whose titles were demonstrations of versatility.

In 1960 he/she painted Doll Boy and in 1961 he/she made his first visit to the United States; on his return he/she made the series of engravings A rake's progress. In 1962 he/she graduated with the gold medal at the Royal College of art. At that time his work was already well known. In 1963 his first individual exhibition took place in the Gallery of John Kasmin, traveled to Egypt and received the award for graphic works of the Paris Biennale. He/She made his first paintings of showers and met Henry Heldazhler.

In 1964 he/she moved to Los Angeles and made his first paintings of swimming pools and its first snapshots with Polaroid. Light, gardens, architecture, and California pools exerted a growing influence in his work since the mid-1960s. At the same time he/she stopped painting in oils and began working with acrylics. The use of this technique along with his dedication to the photographic medium contributed to the Immaculate and accurate picture of his work from this period, which favored a trend towards rendering which has made him very uncomfortable to 1968.

From the beginning of their stay in the United States teaching began at the University of Iowa. In the following years he/she continued to teach at various universities and won several awards. In these years it illustrated by engravings Cavafi poems and tales of the Brothers Grimm.

In 1968 he/she moved to London and in 1970 the Whitechapel organized her first retrospective: David Hockney: Paintings, Prints and Drawings (1960-1970). Between 1973 and 1975 he/she lives in Paris, in 1974 his exhibition held in the Museum of decorative arts in Paris. In 1976 he/she returned to Los Angeles and began working with photography.

In 1978 he/she designed the production of the magic flute by Mozart, and in the following years made stage sets for several operas. His work as a stage designer helped break with naturalism and approached this discipline other more open space concepts. In 1982 he/she made his first compositions with Polaroids and collage photo, and in the following years produced a huge amount of them.

With part of his paintings, drawings and graphic works, his work with the camera reflects very well a luminous, personal, almost journalistic, experimental and spontaneous spirit in terms of technique. There is an interest in instant photography in itself, but as part of the collage which will be part. "...Not never view a photo more than thirty seconds, unless it has a thousand faces and you're looking for your mother..." (Hockney). In the following years were granted numerous awards. He/She currently lives and works in Los Angeles.


British Art of the 20th Century. (Munich: Prestel-Verlag, 1986).

David Hockney: A Retrospective. (The Angeles: Los Angeles County Museum of Art, 1988).