Biography of Chlodwig Hohenlohe (1819-1901)

Statesman German, Prince of Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst, Ratibor and Corvey, born in Rotenburg in 1819 and died in 1901 in Ragaz (Switzerland).

From a very young showed their sympathies for the Prussian cause. In 1866, following the Prussian victory at Sadowa, within the Guerra of seven weeks, he was appointed Prime Minister of Bavaria and Minister of Foreign Affairs, with the support of his friend Wagner. In carrying out these charges, until 1870, he tried to get the German unit in favour of Prussia. In 1870 he was forced to resign because of the pressure exerted by the clerical party and nationalists Bavarian, contrary to its policy. In 1871, he starred in the entrance of Bavaria in the German Reich, at the time who was appointed Vice President of the Reichstag.

During the Kulturkampf he introduced a law against the use of the pulpit of the Church as a political platform and assisted in the expulsion of the order of the Jesuits.

From 1874 until 1885 served as Ambassador of Germany in France, where he had a role moderator in the dispute between France and Germany in 1875. From 1885 he served as Statthalter in Alsace-Lorraine, from where was harshly opposed to annexation regime, trying to resurrect the autonomist sentiments of this province; in 1887, pushed by Bismarck, carried out a harsh crackdown that earned him the enmity of large sectors of the population.

In 1894 he was appointed by the Emperor Guillermo II Chancellor of Germany, instead of Caprivi. As such, it strove to ease the discomfort that the personality of the Emperor caused in the population. He was very influenced by characters of the likes of Holstein, Johannes von Miquel, Alfred von Tirpitz, Adolf Marschall von Bieberstein, and Bernhard von Bülow. It implemented a moderate policy and stood out as a great administrator. His liberal ideas clashed with the personality of the Emperor, which caused conflict between the two, however, increased the military potential of the Empire through its naval program, approved in 1898, and kept the German expansion in China.

Since 1897, grew the power of Bülow, the influence of Hohenlohe practically disappeared, especially by the increase of the international problems which could not to confront.

He resigned in 1900, at the age of 81, and he was replaced by von Bülow. His memoirs appeared posthumously, in 1906. Political disclosures containing these provoked the wrath of the Emperor, as well as a huge scandal among the German political class.