German poet. He was born in Lauffen, Württemberg, and died in Tübingen. Was his father; separated from the mother, he entered a seminary. There matured a profound resentment toward the ruling religion. The College of STIFT in Tübingen he met Schelling and Hegel. He studied with Kant, Spinoza and Rousseau. She didn't act as Shepherd, charge that was enabled in 1793. He was a loyal defender of the ideology of the French Revolution. He traveled to Jena to follow courses that taught Fichte and, incidentally, attended to Schiller. Related with Goethe and Herder in his stay at Weimar. He worked as a tutor of the children of the banker Gontard, in Frankfurt, and fell in love with Suzette, wife of the banker, which would be to the source of inspiration for the Greek girl who called Diotina. In 1800 he distanced himself from his beloved and marched to Homburg; He later traveled to Hauptwyl, in Switzerland, called by a wealthy merchant to be preceptor of his house. He returned to work as a tutor, this time in Bordeaux, home of the Hamburg consul. He left Bordeaux and went to Germany; during the trip he met the news of the death of Suzette. In 1804, thanks to his friend Sinclair, got a post of librarian. He began suffering from early symptoms of schizophrenia. In 1806 he was admitted to the psychiatric clinic of the University of Tübingen and was put in the custody of a lumberjack, care who kept you in a tower of their property on the river Neckar. Thirty-seven years he spent in the dementia; He played the piano and composed verses who signed under the name of Scardanelli.
In addition to his poems, wrote the tragedy the death of Empedocles and the novel Hyperion or the hermit in Greece, whose final wording dates from 1797-99. The novel is the young Hyperion and its struggle for independence, died Diotina, it takes refuge in Germany. He is the author also of a tragedy in verse, entitled the death of Empedocles, work which did not finish. In addition to the above works, Hölderlin owes the fame his poetic production. In principle it was very influenced by his friend Schiller, specifically by the hymns that sing great ideals, as: hymn to humanity, 1791; Hymn to love. Later approached classical poetry, nature is equal to the liberation of man: the God of the Sun; Afternoon fantasy; Nature and art or Saturn and Jupiter; Ganymede; The fates; The archipelago; Bread and wine, poems addressed to the German nation. Pindaricas como stanzas at a holiday..., 1800, the fate of Dionysus and the poet identifies. Between 1801-1802 wrote his best poems: the only one; The Rhine; Migration; Patmos; and remember, 1803. His latest poems are more disjointed, his mind was already sick.