Biography of Boumil Hrabal (1914-1997)

Czech writer, born in Brno (Moravia) in 1914, and died in 1997. Accused literary vocation pushed him to write poetry from an early age, activity that combined during his youth with studies of law at the University of Prague.

Despite this academic training, Boumil Hrabal ever came to work lawyer, since before live professionally of literary creation scattered efforts in more Pilgrim occupations: first was - encouraged also by his love of letters - Theater stagehand, subsequently working postman, and then of metalworker. However, greater footprint left in his literary work was that played in a plant for paper recycling, industry that fed on the material from the censored books. There it was Hrabal access to many works had not been able to locate any other way, and there it was enriched with a varied literary background and a strange experience that ultimately would be tragicomicamente reflected in one of its most famous narrations, the novel entitled a loneliness too noisy (1976).

Meanwhile he worked different jobs, continued cultivating the poetic genre, whose fruits was publishing the own Hrabal in a series of typed signatures that he himself edited. But since the Decade of the fifties he began writing prose regularly, occupation which left several works which did not see the light, due to the rarefied political environment that weighed on the Czech territory. Indeed, yet Stalinism - despite the disappearance of the own Stalin's political panorama International was still set the standard in countries subjected to the powerful influence of the Soviet Union, so the narrations of Boumil Hrabal, with strong criticism of this totalitarianism, took enough to see the light.

In 1963, under cover of the new political climate imposed by Kruschov, gave to printing the novel entitled a Pearl at the bottom, which constituted a success unprecedented for the welcome that dispensed you Czech critics and the public. He then started to publish several his narrations, also received with great applause until, in 1968, Hrabal returned to become a banned author, now as a result of the repression of the Prague Spring.

Then they were copies of his books who visited the recycling plant that once worked Boumil Hrabal, who also suffered reprisals as serious as that forbade him to republish any other text. This prohibition only was without effect when Hrabal gave an interview to the weekly Tvorba Communist, in the course of which knew how to show is cleverly ambiguous, in such a way that it seemed flatter Soviet totalitarianism, without renouncing of his own ideas. In addition, he stressed that her works weren't political allegations, which got to be allowed to continue to publish literature in his home country. As a result of the lifting of the ban began to many narratives that this controversial author had continued writing while it remained banned, and thus saw the light which is perhaps his most famous work, closely watched trains, a novel that would be internationally famous from the film version made in 1967 by the Czech director Jirî Menzelthat deserved the Hollywood Oscar to the best foreign language film. In addition to trains rigorously monitored, Hrabal published then other many titles, among which there are uneventful weddings at home, the small town where time stopped, who am I, etc.

In General, the narrative work of Boumil Hrabal is dominated by an acid close to the absurd humor, and starring a few strange characters, ensimismados in its own aesthetic vision of life, launched continuous flashes of lucidity that sometimes are confused with their own abductions of madness (many of them share with the author his overflowing passion for beerthat according to the own Hrabal is ingested in large amounts, one of its most faithful sources of inspiration).

Another of his most representative works, by large doses of black humor that contains, is the novel entitled I that I have served the King of England, which, until its final edition in 1989, had been published only in semi-clandestine editions. It is a novel that, in hearty line of the Czech writer Jaroslav Hasek, mixing a crazy surreal humour with a background of tragedy that stains of pessimism throughout the narration.